7b97683ca0af769af04ed5c90a0d15376bb43ce5
[mirror_edk2.git] / MdePkg / Include / Library / SynchronizationLib.h
1 /** @file
2 Provides synchronization functions.
3
4 Copyright (c) 2006 - 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.<BR>
5 This program and the accompanying materials
6 are licensed and made available under the terms and conditions of the BSD License
7 which accompanies this distribution. The full text of the license may be found at
8 http://opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php
9
10 THE PROGRAM IS DISTRIBUTED UNDER THE BSD LICENSE ON AN "AS IS" BASIS,
11 WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
12
13 **/
14
15 #ifndef __SYNCHRONIZATION_LIB__
16 #define __SYNCHRONIZATION_LIB__
17
18 ///
19 /// Definitions for SPIN_LOCK
20 ///
21 typedef volatile UINTN SPIN_LOCK;
22
23
24 /**
25 Retrieves the architecture-specific spin lock alignment requirements for
26 optimal spin lock performance.
27
28 This function retrieves the spin lock alignment requirements for optimal
29 performance on a given CPU architecture. The spin lock alignment is byte alignment.
30 It must be a power of two and is returned by this function. If there are no alignment
31 requirements, then 1 must be returned. The spin lock synchronization
32 functions must function correctly if the spin lock size and alignment values
33 returned by this function are not used at all. These values are hints to the
34 consumers of the spin lock synchronization functions to obtain optimal spin
35 lock performance.
36
37 @return The architecture-specific spin lock alignment.
38
39 **/
40 UINTN
41 EFIAPI
42 GetSpinLockProperties (
43 VOID
44 );
45
46
47 /**
48 Initializes a spin lock to the released state and returns the spin lock.
49
50 This function initializes the spin lock specified by SpinLock to the released
51 state, and returns SpinLock. Optimal performance can be achieved by calling
52 GetSpinLockProperties() to determine the size and alignment requirements for
53 SpinLock.
54
55 If SpinLock is NULL, then ASSERT().
56
57 @param SpinLock A pointer to the spin lock to initialize to the released
58 state.
59
60 @return SpinLock in release state.
61
62 **/
63 SPIN_LOCK *
64 EFIAPI
65 InitializeSpinLock (
66 OUT SPIN_LOCK *SpinLock
67 );
68
69
70 /**
71 Waits until a spin lock can be placed in the acquired state.
72
73 This function checks the state of the spin lock specified by SpinLock. If
74 SpinLock is in the released state, then this function places SpinLock in the
75 acquired state and returns SpinLock. Otherwise, this function waits
76 indefinitely for the spin lock to be released, and then places it in the
77 acquired state and returns SpinLock. All state transitions of SpinLock must
78 be performed using MP safe mechanisms.
79
80 If SpinLock is NULL, then ASSERT().
81 If SpinLock was not initialized with InitializeSpinLock(), then ASSERT().
82 If PcdSpinLockTimeout is not zero, and SpinLock is can not be acquired in
83 PcdSpinLockTimeout microseconds, then ASSERT().
84
85 @param SpinLock A pointer to the spin lock to place in the acquired state.
86
87 @return SpinLock acquired lock.
88
89 **/
90 SPIN_LOCK *
91 EFIAPI
92 AcquireSpinLock (
93 IN OUT SPIN_LOCK *SpinLock
94 );
95
96
97 /**
98 Attempts to place a spin lock in the acquired state.
99
100 This function checks the state of the spin lock specified by SpinLock. If
101 SpinLock is in the released state, then this function places SpinLock in the
102 acquired state and returns TRUE. Otherwise, FALSE is returned. All state
103 transitions of SpinLock must be performed using MP safe mechanisms.
104
105 If SpinLock is NULL, then ASSERT().
106 If SpinLock was not initialized with InitializeSpinLock(), then ASSERT().
107
108 @param SpinLock A pointer to the spin lock to place in the acquired state.
109
110 @retval TRUE SpinLock was placed in the acquired state.
111 @retval FALSE SpinLock could not be acquired.
112
113 **/
114 BOOLEAN
115 EFIAPI
116 AcquireSpinLockOrFail (
117 IN OUT SPIN_LOCK *SpinLock
118 );
119
120
121 /**
122 Releases a spin lock.
123
124 This function places the spin lock specified by SpinLock in the release state
125 and returns SpinLock.
126
127 If SpinLock is NULL, then ASSERT().
128 If SpinLock was not initialized with InitializeSpinLock(), then ASSERT().
129
130 @param SpinLock A pointer to the spin lock to release.
131
132 @return SpinLock released lock.
133
134 **/
135 SPIN_LOCK *
136 EFIAPI
137 ReleaseSpinLock (
138 IN OUT SPIN_LOCK *SpinLock
139 );
140
141
142 /**
143 Performs an atomic increment of a 32-bit unsigned integer.
144
145 Performs an atomic increment of the 32-bit unsigned integer specified by
146 Value and returns the incremented value. The increment operation must be
147 performed using MP safe mechanisms. The state of the return value is not
148 guaranteed to be MP safe.
149
150 If Value is NULL, then ASSERT().
151
152 @param Value A pointer to the 32-bit value to increment.
153
154 @return The incremented value.
155
156 **/
157 UINT32
158 EFIAPI
159 InterlockedIncrement (
160 IN UINT32 *Value
161 );
162
163
164 /**
165 Performs an atomic decrement of a 32-bit unsigned integer.
166
167 Performs an atomic decrement of the 32-bit unsigned integer specified by
168 Value and returns the decremented value. The decrement operation must be
169 performed using MP safe mechanisms. The state of the return value is not
170 guaranteed to be MP safe.
171
172 If Value is NULL, then ASSERT().
173
174 @param Value A pointer to the 32-bit value to decrement.
175
176 @return The decremented value.
177
178 **/
179 UINT32
180 EFIAPI
181 InterlockedDecrement (
182 IN UINT32 *Value
183 );
184
185
186 /**
187 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on a 16-bit unsigned integer.
188
189 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on the 16-bit unsigned integer
190 specified by Value. If Value is equal to CompareValue, then Value is set to
191 ExchangeValue and CompareValue is returned. If Value is not equal to CompareValue,
192 then Value is returned. The compare exchange operation must be performed using
193 MP safe mechanisms.
194
195 If Value is NULL, then ASSERT().
196
197 @param Value A pointer to the 16-bit value for the compare exchange
198 operation.
199 @param CompareValue 16-bit value used in compare operation.
200 @param ExchangeValue 16-bit value used in exchange operation.
201
202 @return The original *Value before exchange.
203 **/
204 UINT16
205 EFIAPI
206 InterlockedCompareExchange16 (
207 IN OUT UINT16 *Value,
208 IN UINT16 CompareValue,
209 IN UINT16 ExchangeValue
210 );
211
212 /**
213 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on a 32-bit unsigned integer.
214
215 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on the 32-bit unsigned integer
216 specified by Value. If Value is equal to CompareValue, then Value is set to
217 ExchangeValue and CompareValue is returned. If Value is not equal to CompareValue,
218 then Value is returned. The compare exchange operation must be performed using
219 MP safe mechanisms.
220
221 If Value is NULL, then ASSERT().
222
223 @param Value A pointer to the 32-bit value for the compare exchange
224 operation.
225 @param CompareValue 32-bit value used in compare operation.
226 @param ExchangeValue 32-bit value used in exchange operation.
227
228 @return The original *Value before exchange.
229
230 **/
231 UINT32
232 EFIAPI
233 InterlockedCompareExchange32 (
234 IN OUT UINT32 *Value,
235 IN UINT32 CompareValue,
236 IN UINT32 ExchangeValue
237 );
238
239
240 /**
241 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on a 64-bit unsigned integer.
242
243 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on the 64-bit unsigned integer specified
244 by Value. If Value is equal to CompareValue, then Value is set to ExchangeValue and
245 CompareValue is returned. If Value is not equal to CompareValue, then Value is returned.
246 The compare exchange operation must be performed using MP safe mechanisms.
247
248 If Value is NULL, then ASSERT().
249
250 @param Value A pointer to the 64-bit value for the compare exchange
251 operation.
252 @param CompareValue 64-bit value used in compare operation.
253 @param ExchangeValue 64-bit value used in exchange operation.
254
255 @return The original *Value before exchange.
256
257 **/
258 UINT64
259 EFIAPI
260 InterlockedCompareExchange64 (
261 IN OUT UINT64 *Value,
262 IN UINT64 CompareValue,
263 IN UINT64 ExchangeValue
264 );
265
266
267 /**
268 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on a pointer value.
269
270 Performs an atomic compare exchange operation on the pointer value specified
271 by Value. If Value is equal to CompareValue, then Value is set to
272 ExchangeValue and CompareValue is returned. If Value is not equal to
273 CompareValue, then Value is returned. The compare exchange operation must be
274 performed using MP safe mechanisms.
275
276 If Value is NULL, then ASSERT().
277
278 @param Value A pointer to the pointer value for the compare exchange
279 operation.
280 @param CompareValue Pointer value used in compare operation.
281 @param ExchangeValue Pointer value used in exchange operation.
282
283 @return The original *Value before exchange.
284 **/
285 VOID *
286 EFIAPI
287 InterlockedCompareExchangePointer (
288 IN OUT VOID **Value,
289 IN VOID *CompareValue,
290 IN VOID *ExchangeValue
291 );
292
293 #endif
294
295