MdePkg/BaseIoLibIntrinsic: make BaseIoLibIntrinsic safe for ArmVirt/KVM
authorArd Biesheuvel <>
Thu, 7 Jun 2018 10:44:12 +0000 (12:44 +0200)
committerArd Biesheuvel <>
Mon, 11 Jun 2018 16:03:52 +0000 (18:03 +0200)
MdePkg/BaseIoLibIntrinsic: make BaseIoLibIntrinsic safe for ArmVirt/KVM

KVM on ARM refuses to decode load/store instructions used to perform
I/O to emulated devices, and instead relies on the exception syndrome
information to describe the operand register, access size, etc.
This is only possible for instructions that have a single input/output
register (as opposed to ones that increment the offset register, or
load/store pair instructions, etc). Otherwise, QEMU crashes with the
following error

  error: kvm run failed Function not implemented
  R00=01010101 R01=00000008 R02=00000048 R03=08000820
  R04=00000120 R05=7faaa0e0 R06=7faaa0dc R07=7faaa0e8
  R08=7faaa0ec R09=7faaa088 R10=000000ff R11=00000080
  R12=ff000000 R13=7fccfe08 R14=7faa835f R15=7faa887c
  PSR=800001f3 N--- T svc32
  QEMU: Terminated

and KVM produces a warning such as the following in the kernel log

  kvm [17646]: load/store instruction decoding not implemented

The IoLib implementation provided by MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic
is based on C code, and when LTO is in effect, the MMIO accesses could
be merged with, e.g., manipulations of the loop counter, producing
opcodes that KVM does not support for emulated MMIO.

So let's add a special ArmVirt flavor of this library that implements
that actual load/store operations in assembler, ensuring that the
instructions involved can be emulated by KVM.

Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <>
Reviewed-by: Leif Lindholm <>
Acked-by: Laszlo Ersek <>
Reviewed-by: Liming Gao <>
MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic/AArch64/ArmVirtMmio.S [new file with mode: 0644]
MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic/AArch64/ArmVirtMmio.asm [new file with mode: 0644]
MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic/Arm/ArmVirtMmio.S [new file with mode: 0644]
MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic/Arm/ArmVirtMmio.asm [new file with mode: 0644]
MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic/BaseIoLibIntrinsicArmVirt.inf [new file with mode: 0644]
MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic/BaseIoLibIntrinsicArmVirt.uni [new file with mode: 0644]
MdePkg/Library/BaseIoLibIntrinsic/IoLibArmVirt.c [new file with mode: 0644]