add wiki link to Installation: Tips and Tricks
[pve-docs.git] / pve-installation.adoc
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1Installing Proxmox VE
2---------------------
3include::attributes.txt[]
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4
5{pve} ships as a set of Debian packages, so you can simply install it
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6on top of a normal Debian installation, or download the installation
7CD-ROM and use that to install {pve} on your hardware.
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9Installing on top of an existing Debian installation looks easy, but
10it presumes that you have correctly installed the base system, and you
11know how you want to configure and use the local storage. Network
12configuration is also completely up to you.
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13
14In general, this is not trivial, especially when you use LVM or
15ZFS. This is why we provide an installation CD-ROM for {pve}. That
16installer just ask you a few questions, then partitions the local
078924cd 17disk(s), installs all required packages and configures the system
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18including a basic network setup. You can get a fully functional system
19within a few minutes, including the following:
20
21* Complete operating system (Debian Linux, 64-bit)
22* Partition the hard drive with ext4 (alternative ext3 or xfs) or ZFS
23* {pve} Kernel with LXC and KVM support
24* Complete toolset
25* Web based management interface
26
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28Using the {pve} Installation CD-ROM
29~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
30
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31This is the preferred and recommended installation method.
32
33NOTE: By default, the complete server is used and all existing data is
34removed.
35
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36Please insert the installation CD-ROM, then boot from that
37drive. Immediately afterwards you can choose the following menu
38options:
39
40Install Proxmox VE::
41
42Start normal installation.
43
44Install Proxmox VE (Debug mode)::
45
46Start installation in debug mode. It opens a shell console at several
47installation steps, so that you can debug things if something goes
48wrong. Please press `CTRL-D` to exit those debug consoles and continue
49installation. This option is mostly for developers and not meant for
50general use.
51
52Rescue Boot::
53
54This option allows you to boot an existing installation. It searches
55all attached hard disks, and if it finds an existing installation,
56boots directly into that disk using the existing Linux kernel. This
57can be useful if there are problems with the boot block (grub), or the
58BIOS is unable to read the boot block from the disk.
59
60Test Memory::
61
8c1189b6 62Runs `memtest86+`. This is useful to check if your memory if
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63functional and error free.
64
65You normally select *Install Proxmox VE* to start the installation.
66After that you get prompted to select the target hard disk(s). The
8e4bb261 67`Options` button lets you select the target file system, which
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68defaults to `ext4`. The installer uses LVM if you select `ext3`,
69`ext4` or `xfs` as file system, and offers additional option to
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70restrict LVM space (see <<advanced_lvm_options,below>>)
71
72If you have more than one disk, you can also use ZFS as file system.
73ZFS supports several software RAID levels, so this is specially useful
74if you do not have a hardware RAID controller. The `Options` button
75lets you select the ZFS RAID level, and you can choose disks there.
76
77The next pages just asks for basic configuration options like time
78zone and keyboard layout. You also need to specify your email address
79and select a superuser password.
80
81The last step is the network configuration. Please note that you can
82use either IPv4 or IPv6 here, but not both. If you want to configure a
83dual stack node, you can easily do that after installation.
84
85If you press `Next` now, installation starts to format disks, and
86copies packages to the target. Please wait until that is finished,
87then reboot the server.
88
89Further configuration is done via the Proxmox web interface. Just
90point your browser to the IP address given during installation
91(https://youripaddress:8006). {pve} is tested for IE9, Firefox 10
92and higher, and Google Chrome.
93
94
95[[advanced_lvm_options]]
5eba0743 96Advanced LVM Configuration Options
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97^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
98
99The installer creates a Volume Group (VG) called `pve`, and additional
100Logical Volumes (LVs) called `root`, `data` and `swap`. The size of
101those volumes can be controlled with:
102
103`hdsize`::
104
105Defines the total HD size to be used. This way you can save free
106space on the HD for further partitioning (i.e. for an additional PV
107and VG on the same hard disk that can be used for LVM storage).
108
109`swapsize`::
110
111To define the size of the `swap` volume. Default is the same size as
112installed RAM, with 4GB minimum and `hdsize/8` as maximum.
113
114`maxroot`::
115
116The `root` volume size. The `root` volume stores the whole operation
117system.
118
119`maxvz`::
120
121Define the size of the `data` volume, which is mounted at
8c1189b6 122`/var/lib/vz`.
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123
124`minfree`::
125
126To define the amount of free space left in LVM volume group `pve`.
12716GB is the default if storage available > 128GB, `hdsize/8` otherwise.
128+
129NOTE: LVM requires free space in the VG for snapshot creation (not
130required for lvmthin snapshots).
131
132
133ZFS Performance Tips
134^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
135
136ZFS uses a lot of memory, so it is best to add additional 8-16GB RAM
137if you want to use ZFS.
138
139ZFS also provides the feature to use a fast SSD drive as write cache. The
140write cache is called the ZFS Intent Log (ZIL). You can add that after
141installation using the following command:
142
143 zpool add <pool-name> log </dev/path_to_fast_ssd>
144
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145
146ifdef::wiki[]
147
148link:/wiki/Install_Proxmox_VE_on_Debian_Jessie[Install Proxmox VE on Debian Jessie]
149~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
150
151endif::wiki[]
152
153ifndef::wiki[]
154
155Install {pve} on Debian
156~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
157
158{pve} ships as a set of Debian packages, so you can simply install it
159on top of a normal Debian installation. After configuring the
160repositories, you need to run:
161
162[source,bash]
163----
164apt-get update
165apt-get install proxmox-ve
166----
167
168You can find a detailed step by step howto on the {pve}
169http://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Install_Proxmox_VE_on_Debian_Jessie[wiki].
170
171endif::wiki[]
172
173
174{pve} Web Interface
175~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
176
177After installation, further configuration is done via the {pve} web
178interface. Just point your browser to the IP address given during
179installation ('https://youripaddress:8006'). Proxmox VE is tested for
180IE9, Firefox 10 and higher, Google Chrome (latest).
181
182NOTE: Default login is "root" (realm 'PAM') and the root password is
183defined during the installation process.
184
185
186ifdef::wiki[]
187
188Video Tutorials
189~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
190
191* List of all official tutorials on our
192 http://www.youtube.com/proxmoxve[Proxmox VE YouTube Channel]
193
194* Tutorials in Spanish language on
195 http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLUULBIhA5QDBdNf1pcTZ5UXhek63Fij8z[ITexperts.es
196 YouTube Play List]
197
198
199See Also
200~~~~~~~~
201
202* link:/wiki/Package_Repositories[Package Repositories]
203
204* link:/wiki/Host_System_Administration[Host System Administration]
205
206* link:/wiki/Network_Configuration[Network Configuration]
207
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208* link:/wiki/Installation:_Tips_and_Tricks[Installation: Tips and Tricks]
209
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210endif::wiki[]
211