]> git.proxmox.com Git - qemu-server.git/blob - PVE/QemuServer.pm
fix #5440: hmp helpers: drive{add, del}: increase timeout
[qemu-server.git] / PVE / QemuServer.pm
1 package PVE::QemuServer;
2
3 use strict;
4 use warnings;
5 use POSIX;
6 use IO::Handle;
7 use IO::Select;
8 use IO::File;
9 use IO::Dir;
10 use IO::Socket::UNIX;
11 use File::Basename;
12 use File::Path;
13 use File::stat;
14 use Getopt::Long;
15 use Digest::SHA;
16 use Fcntl ':flock';
17 use Cwd 'abs_path';
18 use IPC::Open3;
19 use JSON;
20 use Fcntl;
21 use PVE::SafeSyslog;
22 use Storable qw(dclone);
23 use PVE::Exception qw(raise raise_param_exc);
24 use PVE::Storage;
25 use PVE::Tools qw(run_command lock_file lock_file_full file_read_firstline dir_glob_foreach);
26 use PVE::JSONSchema qw(get_standard_option);
27 use PVE::Cluster qw(cfs_register_file cfs_read_file cfs_write_file cfs_lock_file);
28 use PVE::INotify;
29 use PVE::ProcFSTools;
30 use PVE::QemuConfig;
31 use PVE::QMPClient;
32 use PVE::RPCEnvironment;
33 use PVE::QemuServer::PCI qw(print_pci_addr print_pcie_addr);
34 use PVE::QemuServer::Memory;
35 use PVE::QemuServer::USB qw(parse_usb_device);
36 use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);
37 use File::Copy qw(copy);
38 use URI::Escape;
39
40 my $OVMF_CODE = '/usr/share/kvm/OVMF_CODE-pure-efi.fd';
41 my $OVMF_VARS = '/usr/share/kvm/OVMF_VARS-pure-efi.fd';
42 my $OVMF_IMG = '/usr/share/kvm/OVMF-pure-efi.fd';
43
44 my $qemu_snap_storage = {rbd => 1, sheepdog => 1};
45
46 my $cpuinfo = PVE::ProcFSTools::read_cpuinfo();
47
48 # Note about locking: we use flock on the config file protect
49 # against concurent actions.
50 # Aditionaly, we have a 'lock' setting in the config file. This
51 # can be set to 'migrate', 'backup', 'snapshot' or 'rollback'. Most actions are not
52 # allowed when such lock is set. But you can ignore this kind of
53 # lock with the --skiplock flag.
54
55 cfs_register_file('/qemu-server/',
56 \&parse_vm_config,
57 \&write_vm_config);
58
59 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option('pve-qm-stateuri', {
60 description => "Some command save/restore state from this location.",
61 type => 'string',
62 maxLength => 128,
63 optional => 1,
64 });
65
66 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option('pve-snapshot-name', {
67 description => "The name of the snapshot.",
68 type => 'string', format => 'pve-configid',
69 maxLength => 40,
70 });
71
72 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option('pve-qm-image-format', {
73 type => 'string',
74 enum => [qw(raw cow qcow qed qcow2 vmdk cloop)],
75 description => "The drive's backing file's data format.",
76 optional => 1,
77 });
78
79 #no warnings 'redefine';
80
81 sub cgroups_write {
82 my ($controller, $vmid, $option, $value) = @_;
83
84 my $path = "/sys/fs/cgroup/$controller/qemu.slice/$vmid.scope/$option";
85 PVE::ProcFSTools::write_proc_entry($path, $value);
86
87 }
88
89 my $nodename = PVE::INotify::nodename();
90
91 mkdir "/etc/pve/nodes/$nodename";
92 my $confdir = "/etc/pve/nodes/$nodename/qemu-server";
93 mkdir $confdir;
94
95 my $var_run_tmpdir = "/var/run/qemu-server";
96 mkdir $var_run_tmpdir;
97
98 my $lock_dir = "/var/lock/qemu-server";
99 mkdir $lock_dir;
100
101 my $pcisysfs = "/sys/bus/pci";
102
103 my $cpu_vendor_list = {
104 # Intel CPUs
105 486 => 'GenuineIntel',
106 pentium => 'GenuineIntel',
107 pentium2 => 'GenuineIntel',
108 pentium3 => 'GenuineIntel',
109 coreduo => 'GenuineIntel',
110 core2duo => 'GenuineIntel',
111 Conroe => 'GenuineIntel',
112 Penryn => 'GenuineIntel',
113 Nehalem => 'GenuineIntel',
114 Westmere => 'GenuineIntel',
115 SandyBridge => 'GenuineIntel',
116 IvyBridge => 'GenuineIntel',
117 Haswell => 'GenuineIntel',
118 'Haswell-noTSX' => 'GenuineIntel',
119 Broadwell => 'GenuineIntel',
120 'Broadwell-noTSX' => 'GenuineIntel',
121 'Skylake-Client' => 'GenuineIntel',
122
123 # AMD CPUs
124 athlon => 'AuthenticAMD',
125 phenom => 'AuthenticAMD',
126 Opteron_G1 => 'AuthenticAMD',
127 Opteron_G2 => 'AuthenticAMD',
128 Opteron_G3 => 'AuthenticAMD',
129 Opteron_G4 => 'AuthenticAMD',
130 Opteron_G5 => 'AuthenticAMD',
131
132 # generic types, use vendor from host node
133 host => 'default',
134 kvm32 => 'default',
135 kvm64 => 'default',
136 qemu32 => 'default',
137 qemu64 => 'default',
138 };
139
140 my $cpu_fmt = {
141 cputype => {
142 description => "Emulated CPU type.",
143 type => 'string',
144 enum => [ sort { "\L$a" cmp "\L$b" } keys %$cpu_vendor_list ],
145 default => 'kvm64',
146 default_key => 1,
147 },
148 hidden => {
149 description => "Do not identify as a KVM virtual machine.",
150 type => 'boolean',
151 optional => 1,
152 default => 0
153 },
154 };
155
156 my $watchdog_fmt = {
157 model => {
158 default_key => 1,
159 type => 'string',
160 enum => [qw(i6300esb ib700)],
161 description => "Watchdog type to emulate.",
162 default => 'i6300esb',
163 optional => 1,
164 },
165 action => {
166 type => 'string',
167 enum => [qw(reset shutdown poweroff pause debug none)],
168 description => "The action to perform if after activation the guest fails to poll the watchdog in time.",
169 optional => 1,
170 },
171 };
172 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-qm-watchdog', $watchdog_fmt);
173
174 my $confdesc = {
175 onboot => {
176 optional => 1,
177 type => 'boolean',
178 description => "Specifies whether a VM will be started during system bootup.",
179 default => 0,
180 },
181 autostart => {
182 optional => 1,
183 type => 'boolean',
184 description => "Automatic restart after crash (currently ignored).",
185 default => 0,
186 },
187 hotplug => {
188 optional => 1,
189 type => 'string', format => 'pve-hotplug-features',
190 description => "Selectively enable hotplug features. This is a comma separated list of hotplug features: 'network', 'disk', 'cpu', 'memory' and 'usb'. Use '0' to disable hotplug completely. Value '1' is an alias for the default 'network,disk,usb'.",
191 default => 'network,disk,usb',
192 },
193 reboot => {
194 optional => 1,
195 type => 'boolean',
196 description => "Allow reboot. If set to '0' the VM exit on reboot.",
197 default => 1,
198 },
199 lock => {
200 optional => 1,
201 type => 'string',
202 description => "Lock/unlock the VM.",
203 enum => [qw(migrate backup snapshot rollback)],
204 },
205 cpulimit => {
206 optional => 1,
207 type => 'number',
208 description => "Limit of CPU usage.",
209 verbose_description => "Limit of CPU usage.\n\nNOTE: If the computer has 2 CPUs, it has total of '2' CPU time. Value '0' indicates no CPU limit.",
210 minimum => 0,
211 maximum => 128,
212 default => 0,
213 },
214 cpuunits => {
215 optional => 1,
216 type => 'integer',
217 description => "CPU weight for a VM.",
218 verbose_description => "CPU weight for a VM. Argument is used in the kernel fair scheduler. The larger the number is, the more CPU time this VM gets. Number is relative to weights of all the other running VMs.\n\nNOTE: You can disable fair-scheduler configuration by setting this to 0.",
219 minimum => 0,
220 maximum => 500000,
221 default => 1024,
222 },
223 memory => {
224 optional => 1,
225 type => 'integer',
226 description => "Amount of RAM for the VM in MB. This is the maximum available memory when you use the balloon device.",
227 minimum => 16,
228 default => 512,
229 },
230 balloon => {
231 optional => 1,
232 type => 'integer',
233 description => "Amount of target RAM for the VM in MB. Using zero disables the ballon driver.",
234 minimum => 0,
235 },
236 shares => {
237 optional => 1,
238 type => 'integer',
239 description => "Amount of memory shares for auto-ballooning. The larger the number is, the more memory this VM gets. Number is relative to weights of all other running VMs. Using zero disables auto-ballooning",
240 minimum => 0,
241 maximum => 50000,
242 default => 1000,
243 },
244 keyboard => {
245 optional => 1,
246 type => 'string',
247 description => "Keybord layout for vnc server. Default is read from the '/etc/pve/datacenter.conf' configuration file.",
248 enum => PVE::Tools::kvmkeymaplist(),
249 default => 'en-us',
250 },
251 name => {
252 optional => 1,
253 type => 'string', format => 'dns-name',
254 description => "Set a name for the VM. Only used on the configuration web interface.",
255 },
256 scsihw => {
257 optional => 1,
258 type => 'string',
259 description => "SCSI controller model",
260 enum => [qw(lsi lsi53c810 virtio-scsi-pci virtio-scsi-single megasas pvscsi)],
261 default => 'lsi',
262 },
263 description => {
264 optional => 1,
265 type => 'string',
266 description => "Description for the VM. Only used on the configuration web interface. This is saved as comment inside the configuration file.",
267 },
268 ostype => {
269 optional => 1,
270 type => 'string',
271 enum => [qw(other wxp w2k w2k3 w2k8 wvista win7 win8 win10 l24 l26 solaris)],
272 description => "Specify guest operating system.",
273 verbose_description => <<EODESC,
274 Specify guest operating system. This is used to enable special
275 optimization/features for specific operating systems:
276
277 [horizontal]
278 other;; unspecified OS
279 wxp;; Microsoft Windows XP
280 w2k;; Microsoft Windows 2000
281 w2k3;; Microsoft Windows 2003
282 w2k8;; Microsoft Windows 2008
283 wvista;; Microsoft Windows Vista
284 win7;; Microsoft Windows 7
285 win8;; Microsoft Windows 8/2012
286 l24;; Linux 2.4 Kernel
287 l26;; Linux 2.6/3.X Kernel
288 solaris;; Solaris/OpenSolaris/OpenIndiania kernel
289 EODESC
290 },
291 boot => {
292 optional => 1,
293 type => 'string',
294 description => "Boot on floppy (a), hard disk (c), CD-ROM (d), or network (n).",
295 pattern => '[acdn]{1,4}',
296 default => 'cdn',
297 },
298 bootdisk => {
299 optional => 1,
300 type => 'string', format => 'pve-qm-bootdisk',
301 description => "Enable booting from specified disk.",
302 pattern => '(ide|sata|scsi|virtio)\d+',
303 },
304 smp => {
305 optional => 1,
306 type => 'integer',
307 description => "The number of CPUs. Please use option -sockets instead.",
308 minimum => 1,
309 default => 1,
310 },
311 sockets => {
312 optional => 1,
313 type => 'integer',
314 description => "The number of CPU sockets.",
315 minimum => 1,
316 default => 1,
317 },
318 cores => {
319 optional => 1,
320 type => 'integer',
321 description => "The number of cores per socket.",
322 minimum => 1,
323 default => 1,
324 },
325 numa => {
326 optional => 1,
327 type => 'boolean',
328 description => "Enable/disable NUMA.",
329 default => 0,
330 },
331 hugepages => {
332 optional => 1,
333 type => 'string',
334 description => "Enable/disable hugepages memory.",
335 enum => [qw(any 2 1024)],
336 },
337 vcpus => {
338 optional => 1,
339 type => 'integer',
340 description => "Number of hotplugged vcpus.",
341 minimum => 1,
342 default => 0,
343 },
344 acpi => {
345 optional => 1,
346 type => 'boolean',
347 description => "Enable/disable ACPI.",
348 default => 1,
349 },
350 agent => {
351 optional => 1,
352 type => 'boolean',
353 description => "Enable/disable Qemu GuestAgent.",
354 default => 0,
355 },
356 kvm => {
357 optional => 1,
358 type => 'boolean',
359 description => "Enable/disable KVM hardware virtualization.",
360 default => 1,
361 },
362 tdf => {
363 optional => 1,
364 type => 'boolean',
365 description => "Enable/disable time drift fix.",
366 default => 0,
367 },
368 localtime => {
369 optional => 1,
370 type => 'boolean',
371 description => "Set the real time clock to local time. This is enabled by default if ostype indicates a Microsoft OS.",
372 },
373 freeze => {
374 optional => 1,
375 type => 'boolean',
376 description => "Freeze CPU at startup (use 'c' monitor command to start execution).",
377 },
378 vga => {
379 optional => 1,
380 type => 'string',
381 description => "Select the VGA type.",
382 verbose_description => "Select the VGA type. If you want to use high resolution" .
383 " modes (>= 1280x1024x16) then you should use the options " .
384 "'std' or 'vmware'. Default is 'std' for win8/win7/w2k8, and " .
385 "'cirrus' for other OS types. The 'qxl' option enables the SPICE " .
386 "display sever. For win* OS you can select how many independent " .
387 "displays you want, Linux guests can add displays them self. " .
388 "You can also run without any graphic card, using a serial device" .
389 " as terminal.",
390 enum => [qw(std cirrus vmware qxl serial0 serial1 serial2 serial3 qxl2 qxl3 qxl4)],
391 },
392 watchdog => {
393 optional => 1,
394 type => 'string', format => 'pve-qm-watchdog',
395 description => "Create a virtual hardware watchdog device.",
396 verbose_description => "Create a virtual hardware watchdog device. Once enabled" .
397 " (by a guest action), the watchdog must be periodically polled " .
398 "by an agent inside the guest or else the watchdog will reset " .
399 "the guest (or execute the respective action specified)",
400 },
401 startdate => {
402 optional => 1,
403 type => 'string',
404 typetext => "(now | YYYY-MM-DD | YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS)",
405 description => "Set the initial date of the real time clock. Valid format for date are: 'now' or '2006-06-17T16:01:21' or '2006-06-17'.",
406 pattern => '(now|\d{4}-\d{1,2}-\d{1,2}(T\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}:\d{1,2})?)',
407 default => 'now',
408 },
409 startup => get_standard_option('pve-startup-order'),
410 template => {
411 optional => 1,
412 type => 'boolean',
413 description => "Enable/disable Template.",
414 default => 0,
415 },
416 args => {
417 optional => 1,
418 type => 'string',
419 description => "Arbitrary arguments passed to kvm.",
420 verbose_description => <<EODESCR,
421 Arbitrary arguments passed to kvm, for example:
422
423 args: -no-reboot -no-hpet
424
425 NOTE: this option is for experts only.
426 EODESCR
427 },
428 tablet => {
429 optional => 1,
430 type => 'boolean',
431 default => 1,
432 description => "Enable/disable the USB tablet device.",
433 verbose_description => "Enable/disable the USB tablet device. This device is " .
434 "usually needed to allow absolute mouse positioning with VNC. " .
435 "Else the mouse runs out of sync with normal VNC clients. " .
436 "If you're running lots of console-only guests on one host, " .
437 "you may consider disabling this to save some context switches. " .
438 "This is turned off by default if you use spice (-vga=qxl).",
439 },
440 migrate_speed => {
441 optional => 1,
442 type => 'integer',
443 description => "Set maximum speed (in MB/s) for migrations. Value 0 is no limit.",
444 minimum => 0,
445 default => 0,
446 },
447 migrate_downtime => {
448 optional => 1,
449 type => 'number',
450 description => "Set maximum tolerated downtime (in seconds) for migrations.",
451 minimum => 0,
452 default => 0.1,
453 },
454 cdrom => {
455 optional => 1,
456 type => 'string', format => 'pve-qm-ide',
457 typetext => '<volume>',
458 description => "This is an alias for option -ide2",
459 },
460 cpu => {
461 optional => 1,
462 description => "Emulated CPU type.",
463 type => 'string',
464 format => $cpu_fmt,
465 },
466 parent => get_standard_option('pve-snapshot-name', {
467 optional => 1,
468 description => "Parent snapshot name. This is used internally, and should not be modified.",
469 }),
470 snaptime => {
471 optional => 1,
472 description => "Timestamp for snapshots.",
473 type => 'integer',
474 minimum => 0,
475 },
476 vmstate => {
477 optional => 1,
478 type => 'string', format => 'pve-volume-id',
479 description => "Reference to a volume which stores the VM state. This is used internally for snapshots.",
480 },
481 machine => {
482 description => "Specific the Qemu machine type.",
483 type => 'string',
484 pattern => '(pc|pc(-i440fx)?-\d+\.\d+(\.pxe)?|q35|pc-q35-\d+\.\d+(\.pxe)?)',
485 maxLength => 40,
486 optional => 1,
487 },
488 smbios1 => {
489 description => "Specify SMBIOS type 1 fields.",
490 type => 'string', format => 'pve-qm-smbios1',
491 maxLength => 256,
492 optional => 1,
493 },
494 protection => {
495 optional => 1,
496 type => 'boolean',
497 description => "Sets the protection flag of the VM. This will disable the remove VM and remove disk operations.",
498 default => 0,
499 },
500 bios => {
501 optional => 1,
502 type => 'string',
503 enum => [ qw(seabios ovmf) ],
504 description => "Select BIOS implementation.",
505 default => 'seabios',
506 },
507 };
508
509 # what about other qemu settings ?
510 #cpu => 'string',
511 #machine => 'string',
512 #fda => 'file',
513 #fdb => 'file',
514 #mtdblock => 'file',
515 #sd => 'file',
516 #pflash => 'file',
517 #snapshot => 'bool',
518 #bootp => 'file',
519 ##tftp => 'dir',
520 ##smb => 'dir',
521 #kernel => 'file',
522 #append => 'string',
523 #initrd => 'file',
524 ##soundhw => 'string',
525
526 while (my ($k, $v) = each %$confdesc) {
527 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-$k", $v);
528 }
529
530 my $MAX_IDE_DISKS = 4;
531 my $MAX_SCSI_DISKS = 14;
532 my $MAX_VIRTIO_DISKS = 16;
533 my $MAX_SATA_DISKS = 6;
534 my $MAX_USB_DEVICES = 5;
535 my $MAX_NETS = 32;
536 my $MAX_UNUSED_DISKS = 8;
537 my $MAX_HOSTPCI_DEVICES = 4;
538 my $MAX_SERIAL_PORTS = 4;
539 my $MAX_PARALLEL_PORTS = 3;
540 my $MAX_NUMA = 8;
541
542 my $numa_fmt = {
543 cpus => {
544 type => "string",
545 pattern => qr/\d+(?:-\d+)?(?:;\d+(?:-\d+)?)*/,
546 description => "CPUs accessing this NUMA node.",
547 format_description => "id[-id];...",
548 },
549 memory => {
550 type => "number",
551 description => "Amount of memory this NUMA node provides.",
552 optional => 1,
553 },
554 hostnodes => {
555 type => "string",
556 pattern => qr/\d+(?:-\d+)?(?:;\d+(?:-\d+)?)*/,
557 description => "Host NUMA nodes to use.",
558 format_description => "id[-id];...",
559 optional => 1,
560 },
561 policy => {
562 type => 'string',
563 enum => [qw(preferred bind interleave)],
564 description => "NUMA allocation policy.",
565 optional => 1,
566 },
567 };
568 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-qm-numanode', $numa_fmt);
569 my $numadesc = {
570 optional => 1,
571 type => 'string', format => $numa_fmt,
572 description => "NUMA topology.",
573 };
574 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-numanode", $numadesc);
575
576 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_NUMA; $i++) {
577 $confdesc->{"numa$i"} = $numadesc;
578 }
579
580 my $nic_model_list = ['rtl8139', 'ne2k_pci', 'e1000', 'pcnet', 'virtio',
581 'ne2k_isa', 'i82551', 'i82557b', 'i82559er', 'vmxnet3',
582 'e1000-82540em', 'e1000-82544gc', 'e1000-82545em'];
583 my $nic_model_list_txt = join(' ', sort @$nic_model_list);
584
585 my $net_fmt_bridge_descr = <<__EOD__;
586 Bridge to attach the network device to. The Proxmox VE standard bridge
587 is called 'vmbr0'.
588
589 If you do not specify a bridge, we create a kvm user (NATed) network
590 device, which provides DHCP and DNS services. The following addresses
591 are used:
592
593 10.0.2.2 Gateway
594 10.0.2.3 DNS Server
595 10.0.2.4 SMB Server
596
597 The DHCP server assign addresses to the guest starting from 10.0.2.15.
598 __EOD__
599
600 my $net_fmt = {
601 macaddr => {
602 type => 'string',
603 pattern => qr/[0-9a-f]{2}(?::[0-9a-f]{2}){5}/i,
604 description => "MAC address. That address must be unique withing your network. This is automatically generated if not specified.",
605 format_description => "XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX",
606 optional => 1,
607 },
608 model => {
609 type => 'string',
610 description => "Network Card Model. The 'virtio' model provides the best performance with very low CPU overhead. If your guest does not support this driver, it is usually best to use 'e1000'.",
611 enum => $nic_model_list,
612 default_key => 1,
613 },
614 (map { $_ => { keyAlias => 'model', alias => 'macaddr' }} @$nic_model_list),
615 bridge => {
616 type => 'string',
617 description => $net_fmt_bridge_descr,
618 format_description => 'bridge',
619 optional => 1,
620 },
621 queues => {
622 type => 'integer',
623 minimum => 0, maximum => 16,
624 description => 'Number of packet queues to be used on the device.',
625 optional => 1,
626 },
627 rate => {
628 type => 'number',
629 minimum => 0,
630 description => "Rate limit in mbps (megabytes per second) as floating point number.",
631 optional => 1,
632 },
633 tag => {
634 type => 'integer',
635 minimum => 1, maximum => 4094,
636 description => 'VLAN tag to apply to packets on this interface.',
637 optional => 1,
638 },
639 trunks => {
640 type => 'string',
641 pattern => qr/\d+(?:-\d+)?(?:;\d+(?:-\d+)?)*/,
642 description => 'VLAN trunks to pass through this interface.',
643 format_description => 'vlanid[;vlanid...]',
644 optional => 1,
645 },
646 firewall => {
647 type => 'boolean',
648 description => 'Whether this interface should be protected by the firewall.',
649 optional => 1,
650 },
651 link_down => {
652 type => 'boolean',
653 description => 'Whether this interface should be disconnected (like pulling the plug).',
654 optional => 1,
655 },
656 };
657
658 my $netdesc = {
659 optional => 1,
660 type => 'string', format => $net_fmt,
661 description => "Specify network devices.",
662 };
663
664 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-net", $netdesc);
665
666 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_NETS; $i++) {
667 $confdesc->{"net$i"} = $netdesc;
668 }
669
670 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-volume-id-or-qm-path', \&verify_volume_id_or_qm_path);
671 sub verify_volume_id_or_qm_path {
672 my ($volid, $noerr) = @_;
673
674 if ($volid eq 'none' || $volid eq 'cdrom' || $volid =~ m|^/|) {
675 return $volid;
676 }
677
678 # if its neither 'none' nor 'cdrom' nor a path, check if its a volume-id
679 $volid = eval { PVE::JSONSchema::check_format('pve-volume-id', $volid, '') };
680 if ($@) {
681 return undef if $noerr;
682 die $@;
683 }
684 return $volid;
685 }
686
687 my $drivename_hash;
688
689 my %drivedesc_base = (
690 volume => { alias => 'file' },
691 file => {
692 type => 'string',
693 format => 'pve-volume-id-or-qm-path',
694 default_key => 1,
695 format_description => 'volume',
696 description => "The drive's backing volume.",
697 },
698 media => {
699 type => 'string',
700 enum => [qw(cdrom disk)],
701 description => "The drive's media type.",
702 default => 'disk',
703 optional => 1
704 },
705 cyls => {
706 type => 'integer',
707 description => "Force the drive's physical geometry to have a specific cylinder count.",
708 optional => 1
709 },
710 heads => {
711 type => 'integer',
712 description => "Force the drive's physical geometry to have a specific head count.",
713 optional => 1
714 },
715 secs => {
716 type => 'integer',
717 description => "Force the drive's physical geometry to have a specific sector count.",
718 optional => 1
719 },
720 trans => {
721 type => 'string',
722 enum => [qw(none lba auto)],
723 description => "Force disk geometry bios translation mode.",
724 optional => 1,
725 },
726 snapshot => {
727 type => 'boolean',
728 description => "Whether the drive should be included when making snapshots.",
729 optional => 1,
730 },
731 cache => {
732 type => 'string',
733 enum => [qw(none writethrough writeback unsafe directsync)],
734 description => "The drive's cache mode",
735 optional => 1,
736 },
737 format => get_standard_option('pve-qm-image-format'),
738 size => {
739 type => 'string',
740 format => 'disk-size',
741 format_description => 'DiskSize',
742 description => "Disk size. This is purely informational and has no effect.",
743 optional => 1,
744 },
745 backup => {
746 type => 'boolean',
747 description => "Whether the drive should be included when making backups.",
748 optional => 1,
749 },
750 replicate => {
751 type => 'boolean',
752 description => 'Whether the drive should considered for replication jobs.',
753 optional => 1,
754 default => 1,
755 },
756 rerror => {
757 type => 'string',
758 enum => [qw(ignore report stop)],
759 description => 'Read error action.',
760 optional => 1,
761 },
762 werror => {
763 type => 'string',
764 enum => [qw(enospc ignore report stop)],
765 description => 'Write error action.',
766 optional => 1,
767 },
768 aio => {
769 type => 'string',
770 enum => [qw(native threads)],
771 description => 'AIO type to use.',
772 optional => 1,
773 },
774 discard => {
775 type => 'string',
776 enum => [qw(ignore on)],
777 description => 'Controls whether to pass discard/trim requests to the underlying storage.',
778 optional => 1,
779 },
780 detect_zeroes => {
781 type => 'boolean',
782 description => 'Controls whether to detect and try to optimize writes of zeroes.',
783 optional => 1,
784 },
785 serial => {
786 type => 'string',
787 format => 'urlencoded',
788 format_description => 'serial',
789 maxLength => 20*3, # *3 since it's %xx url enoded
790 description => "The drive's reported serial number, url-encoded, up to 20 bytes long.",
791 optional => 1,
792 }
793 );
794
795 my %iothread_fmt = ( iothread => {
796 type => 'boolean',
797 description => "Whether to use iothreads for this drive",
798 optional => 1,
799 });
800
801 my %model_fmt = (
802 model => {
803 type => 'string',
804 format => 'urlencoded',
805 format_description => 'model',
806 maxLength => 40*3, # *3 since it's %xx url enoded
807 description => "The drive's reported model name, url-encoded, up to 40 bytes long.",
808 optional => 1,
809 },
810 );
811
812 my %queues_fmt = (
813 queues => {
814 type => 'integer',
815 description => "Number of queues.",
816 minimum => 2,
817 optional => 1
818 }
819 );
820
821 my %scsiblock_fmt = (
822 scsiblock => {
823 type => 'boolean',
824 description => "whether to use scsi-block for full passthrough of host block device\n\nWARNING: can lead to I/O errors in combination with low memory or high memory fragmentation on host",
825 optional => 1,
826 default => 0,
827 },
828 );
829
830 my $add_throttle_desc = sub {
831 my ($key, $type, $what, $unit, $longunit, $minimum) = @_;
832 my $d = {
833 type => $type,
834 format_description => $unit,
835 description => "Maximum $what in $longunit.",
836 optional => 1,
837 };
838 $d->{minimum} = $minimum if defined($minimum);
839 $drivedesc_base{$key} = $d;
840 };
841 # throughput: (leaky bucket)
842 $add_throttle_desc->('bps', 'integer', 'r/w speed', 'bps', 'bytes per second');
843 $add_throttle_desc->('bps_rd', 'integer', 'read speed', 'bps', 'bytes per second');
844 $add_throttle_desc->('bps_wr', 'integer', 'write speed', 'bps', 'bytes per second');
845 $add_throttle_desc->('mbps', 'number', 'r/w speed', 'mbps', 'megabytes per second');
846 $add_throttle_desc->('mbps_rd', 'number', 'read speed', 'mbps', 'megabytes per second');
847 $add_throttle_desc->('mbps_wr', 'number', 'write speed', 'mbps', 'megabytes per second');
848 $add_throttle_desc->('iops', 'integer', 'r/w I/O', 'iops', 'operations per second');
849 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_rd', 'integer', 'read I/O', 'iops', 'operations per second');
850 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_wr', 'integer', 'write I/O', 'iops', 'operations per second');
851
852 # pools: (pool of IO before throttling starts taking effect)
853 $add_throttle_desc->('mbps_max', 'number', 'unthrottled r/w pool', 'mbps', 'megabytes per second');
854 $add_throttle_desc->('mbps_rd_max', 'number', 'unthrottled read pool', 'mbps', 'megabytes per second');
855 $add_throttle_desc->('mbps_wr_max', 'number', 'unthrottled write pool', 'mbps', 'megabytes per second');
856 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_max', 'integer', 'unthrottled r/w I/O pool', 'iops', 'operations per second');
857 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_rd_max', 'integer', 'unthrottled read I/O pool', 'iops', 'operations per second');
858 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_wr_max', 'integer', 'unthrottled write I/O pool', 'iops', 'operations per second');
859
860 # burst lengths
861 $add_throttle_desc->('bps_max_length', 'integer', 'length of I/O bursts', 'seconds', 'seconds', 1);
862 $add_throttle_desc->('bps_rd_max_length', 'integer', 'length of read I/O bursts', 'seconds', 'seconds', 1);
863 $add_throttle_desc->('bps_wr_max_length', 'integer', 'length of write I/O bursts', 'seconds', 'seconds', 1);
864 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_max_length', 'integer', 'length of I/O bursts', 'seconds', 'seconds', 1);
865 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_rd_max_length', 'integer', 'length of read I/O bursts', 'seconds', 'seconds', 1);
866 $add_throttle_desc->('iops_wr_max_length', 'integer', 'length of write I/O bursts', 'seconds', 'seconds', 1);
867
868 # legacy support
869 $drivedesc_base{'bps_rd_length'} = { alias => 'bps_rd_max_length' };
870 $drivedesc_base{'bps_wr_length'} = { alias => 'bps_wr_max_length' };
871 $drivedesc_base{'iops_rd_length'} = { alias => 'iops_rd_max_length' };
872 $drivedesc_base{'iops_wr_length'} = { alias => 'iops_wr_max_length' };
873
874 my $ide_fmt = {
875 %drivedesc_base,
876 %model_fmt,
877 };
878 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format("pve-qm-ide", $ide_fmt);
879
880 my $idedesc = {
881 optional => 1,
882 type => 'string', format => $ide_fmt,
883 description => "Use volume as IDE hard disk or CD-ROM (n is 0 to " .($MAX_IDE_DISKS -1) . ").",
884 };
885 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-ide", $idedesc);
886
887 my $scsi_fmt = {
888 %drivedesc_base,
889 %iothread_fmt,
890 %queues_fmt,
891 %scsiblock_fmt,
892 };
893 my $scsidesc = {
894 optional => 1,
895 type => 'string', format => $scsi_fmt,
896 description => "Use volume as SCSI hard disk or CD-ROM (n is 0 to " . ($MAX_SCSI_DISKS - 1) . ").",
897 };
898 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-scsi", $scsidesc);
899
900 my $sata_fmt = {
901 %drivedesc_base,
902 };
903 my $satadesc = {
904 optional => 1,
905 type => 'string', format => $sata_fmt,
906 description => "Use volume as SATA hard disk or CD-ROM (n is 0 to " . ($MAX_SATA_DISKS - 1). ").",
907 };
908 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-sata", $satadesc);
909
910 my $virtio_fmt = {
911 %drivedesc_base,
912 %iothread_fmt,
913 };
914 my $virtiodesc = {
915 optional => 1,
916 type => 'string', format => $virtio_fmt,
917 description => "Use volume as VIRTIO hard disk (n is 0 to " . ($MAX_VIRTIO_DISKS - 1) . ").",
918 };
919 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-virtio", $virtiodesc);
920
921 my $alldrive_fmt = {
922 %drivedesc_base,
923 %iothread_fmt,
924 %model_fmt,
925 %queues_fmt,
926 %scsiblock_fmt,
927 };
928
929 my $efidisk_fmt = {
930 volume => { alias => 'file' },
931 file => {
932 type => 'string',
933 format => 'pve-volume-id-or-qm-path',
934 default_key => 1,
935 format_description => 'volume',
936 description => "The drive's backing volume.",
937 },
938 format => get_standard_option('pve-qm-image-format'),
939 size => {
940 type => 'string',
941 format => 'disk-size',
942 format_description => 'DiskSize',
943 description => "Disk size. This is purely informational and has no effect.",
944 optional => 1,
945 },
946 };
947
948 my $efidisk_desc = {
949 optional => 1,
950 type => 'string', format => $efidisk_fmt,
951 description => "Configure a Disk for storing EFI vars",
952 };
953
954 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-efidisk", $efidisk_desc);
955
956 my $usb_fmt = {
957 host => {
958 default_key => 1,
959 type => 'string', format => 'pve-qm-usb-device',
960 format_description => 'HOSTUSBDEVICE|spice',
961 description => <<EODESCR,
962 The Host USB device or port or the value 'spice'. HOSTUSBDEVICE syntax is:
963
964 'bus-port(.port)*' (decimal numbers) or
965 'vendor_id:product_id' (hexadeciaml numbers) or
966 'spice'
967
968 You can use the 'lsusb -t' command to list existing usb devices.
969
970 NOTE: This option allows direct access to host hardware. So it is no longer possible to migrate such machines - use with special care.
971
972 The value 'spice' can be used to add a usb redirection devices for spice.
973 EODESCR
974 },
975 usb3 => {
976 optional => 1,
977 type => 'boolean',
978 description => "Specifies whether if given host option is a USB3 device or port (this does currently not work reliably with spice redirection and is then ignored).",
979 default => 0,
980 },
981 };
982
983 my $usbdesc = {
984 optional => 1,
985 type => 'string', format => $usb_fmt,
986 description => "Configure an USB device (n is 0 to 4).",
987 };
988 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-usb", $usbdesc);
989
990 # NOTE: the match-groups of this regex are used in parse_hostpci
991 my $PCIRE = qr/([a-f0-9]{2}:[a-f0-9]{2})(?:\.([a-f0-9]))?/;
992 my $hostpci_fmt = {
993 host => {
994 default_key => 1,
995 type => 'string',
996 pattern => qr/$PCIRE(;$PCIRE)*/,
997 format_description => 'HOSTPCIID[;HOSTPCIID2...]',
998 description => <<EODESCR,
999 Host PCI device pass through. The PCI ID of a host's PCI device or a list
1000 of PCI virtual functions of the host. HOSTPCIID syntax is:
1001
1002 'bus:dev.func' (hexadecimal numbers)
1003
1004 You can us the 'lspci' command to list existing PCI devices.
1005 EODESCR
1006 },
1007 rombar => {
1008 type => 'boolean',
1009 description => "Specify whether or not the device's ROM will be visible in the guest's memory map.",
1010 optional => 1,
1011 default => 1,
1012 },
1013 romfile => {
1014 type => 'string',
1015 pattern => '[^,;]+',
1016 format_description => 'string',
1017 description => "Custom pci device rom filename (must be located in /usr/share/kvm/).",
1018 optional => 1,
1019 },
1020 pcie => {
1021 type => 'boolean',
1022 description => "Choose the PCI-express bus (needs the 'q35' machine model).",
1023 optional => 1,
1024 default => 0,
1025 },
1026 'x-vga' => {
1027 type => 'boolean',
1028 description => "Enable vfio-vga device support.",
1029 optional => 1,
1030 default => 0,
1031 },
1032 };
1033 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-qm-hostpci', $hostpci_fmt);
1034
1035 my $hostpcidesc = {
1036 optional => 1,
1037 type => 'string', format => 'pve-qm-hostpci',
1038 description => "Map host PCI devices into guest.",
1039 verbose_description => <<EODESCR,
1040 Map host PCI devices into guest.
1041
1042 NOTE: This option allows direct access to host hardware. So it is no longer
1043 possible to migrate such machines - use with special care.
1044
1045 CAUTION: Experimental! User reported problems with this option.
1046 EODESCR
1047 };
1048 PVE::JSONSchema::register_standard_option("pve-qm-hostpci", $hostpcidesc);
1049
1050 my $serialdesc = {
1051 optional => 1,
1052 type => 'string',
1053 pattern => '(/dev/.+|socket)',
1054 description => "Create a serial device inside the VM (n is 0 to 3)",
1055 verbose_description => <<EODESCR,
1056 Create a serial device inside the VM (n is 0 to 3), and pass through a
1057 host serial device (i.e. /dev/ttyS0), or create a unix socket on the
1058 host side (use 'qm terminal' to open a terminal connection).
1059
1060 NOTE: If you pass through a host serial device, it is no longer possible to migrate such machines - use with special care.
1061
1062 CAUTION: Experimental! User reported problems with this option.
1063 EODESCR
1064 };
1065
1066 my $paralleldesc= {
1067 optional => 1,
1068 type => 'string',
1069 pattern => '/dev/parport\d+|/dev/usb/lp\d+',
1070 description => "Map host parallel devices (n is 0 to 2).",
1071 verbose_description => <<EODESCR,
1072 Map host parallel devices (n is 0 to 2).
1073
1074 NOTE: This option allows direct access to host hardware. So it is no longer possible to migrate such machines - use with special care.
1075
1076 CAUTION: Experimental! User reported problems with this option.
1077 EODESCR
1078 };
1079
1080 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_PARALLEL_PORTS; $i++) {
1081 $confdesc->{"parallel$i"} = $paralleldesc;
1082 }
1083
1084 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_SERIAL_PORTS; $i++) {
1085 $confdesc->{"serial$i"} = $serialdesc;
1086 }
1087
1088 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_HOSTPCI_DEVICES; $i++) {
1089 $confdesc->{"hostpci$i"} = $hostpcidesc;
1090 }
1091
1092 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_IDE_DISKS; $i++) {
1093 $drivename_hash->{"ide$i"} = 1;
1094 $confdesc->{"ide$i"} = $idedesc;
1095 }
1096
1097 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_SATA_DISKS; $i++) {
1098 $drivename_hash->{"sata$i"} = 1;
1099 $confdesc->{"sata$i"} = $satadesc;
1100 }
1101
1102 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_SCSI_DISKS; $i++) {
1103 $drivename_hash->{"scsi$i"} = 1;
1104 $confdesc->{"scsi$i"} = $scsidesc ;
1105 }
1106
1107 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_VIRTIO_DISKS; $i++) {
1108 $drivename_hash->{"virtio$i"} = 1;
1109 $confdesc->{"virtio$i"} = $virtiodesc;
1110 }
1111
1112 $drivename_hash->{efidisk0} = 1;
1113 $confdesc->{efidisk0} = $efidisk_desc;
1114
1115 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_USB_DEVICES; $i++) {
1116 $confdesc->{"usb$i"} = $usbdesc;
1117 }
1118
1119 my $unuseddesc = {
1120 optional => 1,
1121 type => 'string', format => 'pve-volume-id',
1122 description => "Reference to unused volumes. This is used internally, and should not be modified manually.",
1123 };
1124
1125 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_UNUSED_DISKS; $i++) {
1126 $confdesc->{"unused$i"} = $unuseddesc;
1127 }
1128
1129 my $kvm_api_version = 0;
1130
1131 sub kvm_version {
1132
1133 return $kvm_api_version if $kvm_api_version;
1134
1135 my $fh = IO::File->new("</dev/kvm") ||
1136 return 0;
1137
1138 if (my $v = $fh->ioctl(KVM_GET_API_VERSION(), 0)) {
1139 $kvm_api_version = $v;
1140 }
1141
1142 $fh->close();
1143
1144 return $kvm_api_version;
1145 }
1146
1147 my $kvm_user_version;
1148
1149 sub kvm_user_version {
1150
1151 return $kvm_user_version if $kvm_user_version;
1152
1153 $kvm_user_version = 'unknown';
1154
1155 my $code = sub {
1156 my $line = shift;
1157 if ($line =~ m/^QEMU( PC)? emulator version (\d+\.\d+(\.\d+)?)(\.\d+)?[,\s]/) {
1158 $kvm_user_version = $2;
1159 }
1160 };
1161
1162 eval { run_command("kvm -version", outfunc => $code); };
1163 warn $@ if $@;
1164
1165 return $kvm_user_version;
1166
1167 }
1168
1169 my $kernel_has_vhost_net = -c '/dev/vhost-net';
1170
1171 sub valid_drive_names {
1172 # order is important - used to autoselect boot disk
1173 return ((map { "ide$_" } (0 .. ($MAX_IDE_DISKS - 1))),
1174 (map { "scsi$_" } (0 .. ($MAX_SCSI_DISKS - 1))),
1175 (map { "virtio$_" } (0 .. ($MAX_VIRTIO_DISKS - 1))),
1176 (map { "sata$_" } (0 .. ($MAX_SATA_DISKS - 1))),
1177 'efidisk0');
1178 }
1179
1180 sub is_valid_drivename {
1181 my $dev = shift;
1182
1183 return defined($drivename_hash->{$dev});
1184 }
1185
1186 sub option_exists {
1187 my $key = shift;
1188 return defined($confdesc->{$key});
1189 }
1190
1191 sub nic_models {
1192 return $nic_model_list;
1193 }
1194
1195 sub os_list_description {
1196
1197 return {
1198 other => 'Other',
1199 wxp => 'Windows XP',
1200 w2k => 'Windows 2000',
1201 w2k3 =>, 'Windows 2003',
1202 w2k8 => 'Windows 2008',
1203 wvista => 'Windows Vista',
1204 win7 => 'Windows 7',
1205 win8 => 'Windows 8/2012',
1206 win10 => 'Windows 10/2016',
1207 l24 => 'Linux 2.4',
1208 l26 => 'Linux 2.6',
1209 };
1210 }
1211
1212 my $cdrom_path;
1213
1214 sub get_cdrom_path {
1215
1216 return $cdrom_path if $cdrom_path;
1217
1218 return $cdrom_path = "/dev/cdrom" if -l "/dev/cdrom";
1219 return $cdrom_path = "/dev/cdrom1" if -l "/dev/cdrom1";
1220 return $cdrom_path = "/dev/cdrom2" if -l "/dev/cdrom2";
1221 }
1222
1223 sub get_iso_path {
1224 my ($storecfg, $vmid, $cdrom) = @_;
1225
1226 if ($cdrom eq 'cdrom') {
1227 return get_cdrom_path();
1228 } elsif ($cdrom eq 'none') {
1229 return '';
1230 } elsif ($cdrom =~ m|^/|) {
1231 return $cdrom;
1232 } else {
1233 return PVE::Storage::path($storecfg, $cdrom);
1234 }
1235 }
1236
1237 # try to convert old style file names to volume IDs
1238 sub filename_to_volume_id {
1239 my ($vmid, $file, $media) = @_;
1240
1241 if (!($file eq 'none' || $file eq 'cdrom' ||
1242 $file =~ m|^/dev/.+| || $file =~ m/^([^:]+):(.+)$/)) {
1243
1244 return undef if $file =~ m|/|;
1245
1246 if ($media && $media eq 'cdrom') {
1247 $file = "local:iso/$file";
1248 } else {
1249 $file = "local:$vmid/$file";
1250 }
1251 }
1252
1253 return $file;
1254 }
1255
1256 sub verify_media_type {
1257 my ($opt, $vtype, $media) = @_;
1258
1259 return if !$media;
1260
1261 my $etype;
1262 if ($media eq 'disk') {
1263 $etype = 'images';
1264 } elsif ($media eq 'cdrom') {
1265 $etype = 'iso';
1266 } else {
1267 die "internal error";
1268 }
1269
1270 return if ($vtype eq $etype);
1271
1272 raise_param_exc({ $opt => "unexpected media type ($vtype != $etype)" });
1273 }
1274
1275 sub cleanup_drive_path {
1276 my ($opt, $storecfg, $drive) = @_;
1277
1278 # try to convert filesystem paths to volume IDs
1279
1280 if (($drive->{file} !~ m/^(cdrom|none)$/) &&
1281 ($drive->{file} !~ m|^/dev/.+|) &&
1282 ($drive->{file} !~ m/^([^:]+):(.+)$/) &&
1283 ($drive->{file} !~ m/^\d+$/)) {
1284 my ($vtype, $volid) = PVE::Storage::path_to_volume_id($storecfg, $drive->{file});
1285 raise_param_exc({ $opt => "unable to associate path '$drive->{file}' to any storage"}) if !$vtype;
1286 $drive->{media} = 'cdrom' if !$drive->{media} && $vtype eq 'iso';
1287 verify_media_type($opt, $vtype, $drive->{media});
1288 $drive->{file} = $volid;
1289 }
1290
1291 $drive->{media} = 'cdrom' if !$drive->{media} && $drive->{file} =~ m/^(cdrom|none)$/;
1292 }
1293
1294 sub parse_hotplug_features {
1295 my ($data) = @_;
1296
1297 my $res = {};
1298
1299 return $res if $data eq '0';
1300
1301 $data = $confdesc->{hotplug}->{default} if $data eq '1';
1302
1303 foreach my $feature (PVE::Tools::split_list($data)) {
1304 if ($feature =~ m/^(network|disk|cpu|memory|usb)$/) {
1305 $res->{$1} = 1;
1306 } else {
1307 die "invalid hotplug feature '$feature'\n";
1308 }
1309 }
1310 return $res;
1311 }
1312
1313 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-hotplug-features', \&pve_verify_hotplug_features);
1314 sub pve_verify_hotplug_features {
1315 my ($value, $noerr) = @_;
1316
1317 return $value if parse_hotplug_features($value);
1318
1319 return undef if $noerr;
1320
1321 die "unable to parse hotplug option\n";
1322 }
1323
1324 # ideX = [volume=]volume-id[,media=d][,cyls=c,heads=h,secs=s[,trans=t]]
1325 # [,snapshot=on|off][,cache=on|off][,format=f][,backup=yes|no]
1326 # [,rerror=ignore|report|stop][,werror=enospc|ignore|report|stop]
1327 # [,aio=native|threads][,discard=ignore|on][,detect_zeroes=on|off]
1328 # [,iothread=on][,serial=serial][,model=model]
1329
1330 sub parse_drive {
1331 my ($key, $data) = @_;
1332
1333 my ($interface, $index);
1334
1335 if ($key =~ m/^([^\d]+)(\d+)$/) {
1336 $interface = $1;
1337 $index = $2;
1338 } else {
1339 return undef;
1340 }
1341
1342 my $desc = $key =~ /^unused\d+$/ ? $alldrive_fmt
1343 : $confdesc->{$key}->{format};
1344 if (!$desc) {
1345 warn "invalid drive key: $key\n";
1346 return undef;
1347 }
1348 my $res = eval { PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($desc, $data) };
1349 return undef if !$res;
1350 $res->{interface} = $interface;
1351 $res->{index} = $index;
1352
1353 my $error = 0;
1354 foreach my $opt (qw(bps bps_rd bps_wr)) {
1355 if (my $bps = defined(delete $res->{$opt})) {
1356 if (defined($res->{"m$opt"})) {
1357 warn "both $opt and m$opt specified\n";
1358 ++$error;
1359 next;
1360 }
1361 $res->{"m$opt"} = sprintf("%.3f", $bps / (1024*1024.0));
1362 }
1363 }
1364
1365 # can't use the schema's 'requires' because of the mbps* => bps* "transforming aliases"
1366 for my $requirement (
1367 [mbps_max => 'mbps'],
1368 [mbps_rd_max => 'mbps_rd'],
1369 [mbps_wr_max => 'mbps_wr'],
1370 [miops_max => 'miops'],
1371 [miops_rd_max => 'miops_rd'],
1372 [miops_wr_max => 'miops_wr'],
1373 [bps_max_length => 'mbps_max'],
1374 [bps_rd_max_length => 'mbps_rd_max'],
1375 [bps_wr_max_length => 'mbps_wr_max'],
1376 [iops_max_length => 'iops_max'],
1377 [iops_rd_max_length => 'iops_rd_max'],
1378 [iops_wr_max_length => 'iops_wr_max']) {
1379 my ($option, $requires) = @$requirement;
1380 if ($res->{$option} && !$res->{$requires}) {
1381 warn "$option requires $requires\n";
1382 ++$error;
1383 }
1384 }
1385
1386 return undef if $error;
1387
1388 return undef if $res->{mbps_rd} && $res->{mbps};
1389 return undef if $res->{mbps_wr} && $res->{mbps};
1390 return undef if $res->{iops_rd} && $res->{iops};
1391 return undef if $res->{iops_wr} && $res->{iops};
1392
1393 if ($res->{media} && ($res->{media} eq 'cdrom')) {
1394 return undef if $res->{snapshot} || $res->{trans} || $res->{format};
1395 return undef if $res->{heads} || $res->{secs} || $res->{cyls};
1396 return undef if $res->{interface} eq 'virtio';
1397 }
1398
1399 if (my $size = $res->{size}) {
1400 return undef if !defined($res->{size} = PVE::JSONSchema::parse_size($size));
1401 }
1402
1403 return $res;
1404 }
1405
1406 sub print_drive {
1407 my ($vmid, $drive) = @_;
1408 my $data = { %$drive };
1409 delete $data->{$_} for qw(index interface);
1410 return PVE::JSONSchema::print_property_string($data, $alldrive_fmt);
1411 }
1412
1413 sub scsi_inquiry {
1414 my($fh, $noerr) = @_;
1415
1416 my $SG_IO = 0x2285;
1417 my $SG_GET_VERSION_NUM = 0x2282;
1418
1419 my $versionbuf = "\x00" x 8;
1420 my $ret = ioctl($fh, $SG_GET_VERSION_NUM, $versionbuf);
1421 if (!$ret) {
1422 die "scsi ioctl SG_GET_VERSION_NUM failoed - $!\n" if !$noerr;
1423 return undef;
1424 }
1425 my $version = unpack("I", $versionbuf);
1426 if ($version < 30000) {
1427 die "scsi generic interface too old\n" if !$noerr;
1428 return undef;
1429 }
1430
1431 my $buf = "\x00" x 36;
1432 my $sensebuf = "\x00" x 8;
1433 my $cmd = pack("C x3 C x1", 0x12, 36);
1434
1435 # see /usr/include/scsi/sg.h
1436 my $sg_io_hdr_t = "i i C C s I P P P I I i P C C C C S S i I I";
1437
1438 my $packet = pack($sg_io_hdr_t, ord('S'), -3, length($cmd),
1439 length($sensebuf), 0, length($buf), $buf,
1440 $cmd, $sensebuf, 6000);
1441
1442 $ret = ioctl($fh, $SG_IO, $packet);
1443 if (!$ret) {
1444 die "scsi ioctl SG_IO failed - $!\n" if !$noerr;
1445 return undef;
1446 }
1447
1448 my @res = unpack($sg_io_hdr_t, $packet);
1449 if ($res[17] || $res[18]) {
1450 die "scsi ioctl SG_IO status error - $!\n" if !$noerr;
1451 return undef;
1452 }
1453
1454 my $res = {};
1455 (my $byte0, my $byte1, $res->{vendor},
1456 $res->{product}, $res->{revision}) = unpack("C C x6 A8 A16 A4", $buf);
1457
1458 $res->{removable} = $byte1 & 128 ? 1 : 0;
1459 $res->{type} = $byte0 & 31;
1460
1461 return $res;
1462 }
1463
1464 sub path_is_scsi {
1465 my ($path) = @_;
1466
1467 my $fh = IO::File->new("+<$path") || return undef;
1468 my $res = scsi_inquiry($fh, 1);
1469 close($fh);
1470
1471 return $res;
1472 }
1473
1474 sub machine_type_is_q35 {
1475 my ($conf) = @_;
1476
1477 return $conf->{machine} && ($conf->{machine} =~ m/q35/) ? 1 : 0;
1478 }
1479
1480 sub print_tabletdevice_full {
1481 my ($conf) = @_;
1482
1483 my $q35 = machine_type_is_q35($conf);
1484
1485 # we use uhci for old VMs because tablet driver was buggy in older qemu
1486 my $usbbus = $q35 ? "ehci" : "uhci";
1487
1488 return "usb-tablet,id=tablet,bus=$usbbus.0,port=1";
1489 }
1490
1491 sub print_drivedevice_full {
1492 my ($storecfg, $conf, $vmid, $drive, $bridges) = @_;
1493
1494 my $device = '';
1495 my $maxdev = 0;
1496
1497 if ($drive->{interface} eq 'virtio') {
1498 my $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}", $bridges);
1499 $device = "virtio-blk-pci,drive=drive-$drive->{interface}$drive->{index},id=$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}$pciaddr";
1500 $device .= ",iothread=iothread-$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}" if $drive->{iothread};
1501 } elsif ($drive->{interface} eq 'scsi') {
1502
1503 my ($maxdev, $controller, $controller_prefix) = scsihw_infos($conf, $drive);
1504 my $unit = $drive->{index} % $maxdev;
1505 my $devicetype = 'hd';
1506 my $path = '';
1507 if (drive_is_cdrom($drive)) {
1508 $devicetype = 'cd';
1509 } else {
1510 if ($drive->{file} =~ m|^/|) {
1511 $path = $drive->{file};
1512 if (my $info = path_is_scsi($path)) {
1513 if ($info->{type} == 0 && $drive->{scsiblock}) {
1514 $devicetype = 'block';
1515 } elsif ($info->{type} == 1) { # tape
1516 $devicetype = 'generic';
1517 }
1518 }
1519 } else {
1520 $path = PVE::Storage::path($storecfg, $drive->{file});
1521 }
1522
1523 if($path =~ m/^iscsi\:\/\//){
1524 $devicetype = 'generic';
1525 }
1526 }
1527
1528 if (!$conf->{scsihw} || ($conf->{scsihw} =~ m/^lsi/)){
1529 $device = "scsi-$devicetype,bus=$controller_prefix$controller.0,scsi-id=$unit,drive=drive-$drive->{interface}$drive->{index},id=$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}";
1530 } else {
1531 $device = "scsi-$devicetype,bus=$controller_prefix$controller.0,channel=0,scsi-id=0,lun=$drive->{index},drive=drive-$drive->{interface}$drive->{index},id=$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}";
1532 }
1533
1534 } elsif ($drive->{interface} eq 'ide'){
1535 $maxdev = 2;
1536 my $controller = int($drive->{index} / $maxdev);
1537 my $unit = $drive->{index} % $maxdev;
1538 my $devicetype = ($drive->{media} && $drive->{media} eq 'cdrom') ? "cd" : "hd";
1539
1540 $device = "ide-$devicetype,bus=ide.$controller,unit=$unit,drive=drive-$drive->{interface}$drive->{index},id=$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}";
1541 if ($devicetype eq 'hd' && (my $model = $drive->{model})) {
1542 $model = URI::Escape::uri_unescape($model);
1543 $device .= ",model=$model";
1544 }
1545 } elsif ($drive->{interface} eq 'sata'){
1546 my $controller = int($drive->{index} / $MAX_SATA_DISKS);
1547 my $unit = $drive->{index} % $MAX_SATA_DISKS;
1548 $device = "ide-drive,bus=ahci$controller.$unit,drive=drive-$drive->{interface}$drive->{index},id=$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}";
1549 } elsif ($drive->{interface} eq 'usb') {
1550 die "implement me";
1551 # -device ide-drive,bus=ide.1,unit=0,drive=drive-ide0-1-0,id=ide0-1-0
1552 } else {
1553 die "unsupported interface type";
1554 }
1555
1556 $device .= ",bootindex=$drive->{bootindex}" if $drive->{bootindex};
1557
1558 return $device;
1559 }
1560
1561 sub get_initiator_name {
1562 my $initiator;
1563
1564 my $fh = IO::File->new('/etc/iscsi/initiatorname.iscsi') || return undef;
1565 while (defined(my $line = <$fh>)) {
1566 next if $line !~ m/^\s*InitiatorName\s*=\s*([\.\-:\w]+)/;
1567 $initiator = $1;
1568 last;
1569 }
1570 $fh->close();
1571
1572 return $initiator;
1573 }
1574
1575 sub print_drive_full {
1576 my ($storecfg, $vmid, $drive) = @_;
1577
1578 my $path;
1579 my $volid = $drive->{file};
1580 my $format;
1581
1582 if (drive_is_cdrom($drive)) {
1583 $path = get_iso_path($storecfg, $vmid, $volid);
1584 } else {
1585 my ($storeid, $volname) = PVE::Storage::parse_volume_id($volid, 1);
1586 if ($storeid) {
1587 $path = PVE::Storage::path($storecfg, $volid);
1588 my $scfg = PVE::Storage::storage_config($storecfg, $storeid);
1589 $format = qemu_img_format($scfg, $volname);
1590 } else {
1591 $path = $volid;
1592 $format = "raw";
1593 }
1594 }
1595
1596 my $opts = '';
1597 my @qemu_drive_options = qw(heads secs cyls trans media format cache snapshot rerror werror aio discard);
1598 foreach my $o (@qemu_drive_options) {
1599 $opts .= ",$o=$drive->{$o}" if $drive->{$o};
1600 }
1601 foreach my $type (['', '-total'], [_rd => '-read'], [_wr => '-write']) {
1602 my ($dir, $qmpname) = @$type;
1603 if (my $v = $drive->{"mbps$dir"}) {
1604 $opts .= ",throttling.bps$qmpname=".int($v*1024*1024);
1605 }
1606 if (my $v = $drive->{"mbps${dir}_max"}) {
1607 $opts .= ",throttling.bps$qmpname-max=".int($v*1024*1024);
1608 }
1609 if (my $v = $drive->{"bps${dir}_max_length"}) {
1610 $opts .= ",throttling.bps$qmpname-max-length=$v";
1611 }
1612 if (my $v = $drive->{"iops${dir}"}) {
1613 $opts .= ",throttling.iops$qmpname=$v";
1614 }
1615 if (my $v = $drive->{"iops${dir}_max"}) {
1616 $opts .= ",throttling.iops$qmpname-max=$v";
1617 }
1618 if (my $v = $drive->{"iops${dir}_max_length"}) {
1619 $opts .= ",throttling.iops$qmpname-max-length=$v";
1620 }
1621 }
1622
1623 if (my $serial = $drive->{serial}) {
1624 $serial = URI::Escape::uri_unescape($serial);
1625 $opts .= ",serial=$serial";
1626 }
1627
1628 $opts .= ",format=$format" if $format && !$drive->{format};
1629
1630 my $cache_direct = 0;
1631
1632 if (my $cache = $drive->{cache}) {
1633 $cache_direct = $cache =~ /^(?:off|none|directsync)$/;
1634 } elsif (!drive_is_cdrom($drive)) {
1635 $opts .= ",cache=none";
1636 $cache_direct = 1;
1637 }
1638
1639 # aio native works only with O_DIRECT
1640 if (!$drive->{aio}) {
1641 if($cache_direct) {
1642 $opts .= ",aio=native";
1643 } else {
1644 $opts .= ",aio=threads";
1645 }
1646 }
1647
1648 if (!drive_is_cdrom($drive)) {
1649 my $detectzeroes;
1650 if (defined($drive->{detect_zeroes}) && !$drive->{detect_zeroes}) {
1651 $detectzeroes = 'off';
1652 } elsif ($drive->{discard}) {
1653 $detectzeroes = $drive->{discard} eq 'on' ? 'unmap' : 'on';
1654 } else {
1655 # This used to be our default with discard not being specified:
1656 $detectzeroes = 'on';
1657 }
1658 $opts .= ",detect-zeroes=$detectzeroes" if $detectzeroes;
1659 }
1660
1661 my $pathinfo = $path ? "file=$path," : '';
1662
1663 return "${pathinfo}if=none,id=drive-$drive->{interface}$drive->{index}$opts";
1664 }
1665
1666 sub print_netdevice_full {
1667 my ($vmid, $conf, $net, $netid, $bridges, $use_old_bios_files) = @_;
1668
1669 my $bootorder = $conf->{boot} || $confdesc->{boot}->{default};
1670
1671 my $device = $net->{model};
1672 if ($net->{model} eq 'virtio') {
1673 $device = 'virtio-net-pci';
1674 };
1675
1676 my $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("$netid", $bridges);
1677 my $tmpstr = "$device,mac=$net->{macaddr},netdev=$netid$pciaddr,id=$netid";
1678 if ($net->{queues} && $net->{queues} > 1 && $net->{model} eq 'virtio'){
1679 #Consider we have N queues, the number of vectors needed is 2*N + 2 (plus one config interrupt and control vq)
1680 my $vectors = $net->{queues} * 2 + 2;
1681 $tmpstr .= ",vectors=$vectors,mq=on";
1682 }
1683 $tmpstr .= ",bootindex=$net->{bootindex}" if $net->{bootindex} ;
1684
1685 if ($use_old_bios_files) {
1686 my $romfile;
1687 if ($device eq 'virtio-net-pci') {
1688 $romfile = 'pxe-virtio.rom';
1689 } elsif ($device eq 'e1000') {
1690 $romfile = 'pxe-e1000.rom';
1691 } elsif ($device eq 'ne2k') {
1692 $romfile = 'pxe-ne2k_pci.rom';
1693 } elsif ($device eq 'pcnet') {
1694 $romfile = 'pxe-pcnet.rom';
1695 } elsif ($device eq 'rtl8139') {
1696 $romfile = 'pxe-rtl8139.rom';
1697 }
1698 $tmpstr .= ",romfile=$romfile" if $romfile;
1699 }
1700
1701 return $tmpstr;
1702 }
1703
1704 sub print_netdev_full {
1705 my ($vmid, $conf, $net, $netid, $hotplug) = @_;
1706
1707 my $i = '';
1708 if ($netid =~ m/^net(\d+)$/) {
1709 $i = int($1);
1710 }
1711
1712 die "got strange net id '$i'\n" if $i >= ${MAX_NETS};
1713
1714 my $ifname = "tap${vmid}i$i";
1715
1716 # kvm uses TUNSETIFF ioctl, and that limits ifname length
1717 die "interface name '$ifname' is too long (max 15 character)\n"
1718 if length($ifname) >= 16;
1719
1720 my $vhostparam = '';
1721 $vhostparam = ',vhost=on' if $kernel_has_vhost_net && $net->{model} eq 'virtio';
1722
1723 my $vmname = $conf->{name} || "vm$vmid";
1724
1725 my $netdev = "";
1726 my $script = $hotplug ? "pve-bridge-hotplug" : "pve-bridge";
1727
1728 if ($net->{bridge}) {
1729 $netdev = "type=tap,id=$netid,ifname=${ifname},script=/var/lib/qemu-server/$script,downscript=/var/lib/qemu-server/pve-bridgedown$vhostparam";
1730 } else {
1731 $netdev = "type=user,id=$netid,hostname=$vmname";
1732 }
1733
1734 $netdev .= ",queues=$net->{queues}" if ($net->{queues} && $net->{model} eq 'virtio');
1735
1736 return $netdev;
1737 }
1738
1739
1740 sub print_cpu_device {
1741 my ($conf, $id) = @_;
1742
1743 my $kvm = $conf->{kvm} // 1;
1744 my $cpu = $kvm ? "kvm64" : "qemu64";
1745 if (my $cputype = $conf->{cpu}) {
1746 my $cpuconf = PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($cpu_fmt, $cputype)
1747 or die "Cannot parse cpu description: $cputype\n";
1748 $cpu = $cpuconf->{cputype};
1749 }
1750
1751 my $cores = $conf->{cores} || 1;
1752
1753 my $current_core = ($id - 1) % $cores;
1754 my $current_socket = int(($id - 1 - $current_core)/$cores);
1755
1756 return "$cpu-x86_64-cpu,id=cpu$id,socket-id=$current_socket,core-id=$current_core,thread-id=0";
1757 }
1758
1759 sub drive_is_cdrom {
1760 my ($drive) = @_;
1761
1762 return $drive && $drive->{media} && ($drive->{media} eq 'cdrom');
1763
1764 }
1765
1766 sub parse_number_sets {
1767 my ($set) = @_;
1768 my $res = [];
1769 foreach my $part (split(/;/, $set)) {
1770 if ($part =~ /^\s*(\d+)(?:-(\d+))?\s*$/) {
1771 die "invalid range: $part ($2 < $1)\n" if defined($2) && $2 < $1;
1772 push @$res, [ $1, $2 ];
1773 } else {
1774 die "invalid range: $part\n";
1775 }
1776 }
1777 return $res;
1778 }
1779
1780 sub parse_numa {
1781 my ($data) = @_;
1782
1783 my $res = PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($numa_fmt, $data);
1784 $res->{cpus} = parse_number_sets($res->{cpus}) if defined($res->{cpus});
1785 $res->{hostnodes} = parse_number_sets($res->{hostnodes}) if defined($res->{hostnodes});
1786 return $res;
1787 }
1788
1789 sub parse_hostpci {
1790 my ($value) = @_;
1791
1792 return undef if !$value;
1793
1794 my $res = PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($hostpci_fmt, $value);
1795
1796 my @idlist = split(/;/, $res->{host});
1797 delete $res->{host};
1798 foreach my $id (@idlist) {
1799 if ($id =~ /^$PCIRE$/) {
1800 if (defined($2)) {
1801 push @{$res->{pciid}}, { id => $1, function => $2 };
1802 } else {
1803 my $pcidevices = lspci($1);
1804 $res->{pciid} = $pcidevices->{$1};
1805 }
1806 } else {
1807 # should have been caught by parse_property_string already
1808 die "failed to parse PCI id: $id\n";
1809 }
1810 }
1811 return $res;
1812 }
1813
1814 # netX: e1000=XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX,bridge=vmbr0,rate=<mbps>
1815 sub parse_net {
1816 my ($data) = @_;
1817
1818 my $res = eval { PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($net_fmt, $data) };
1819 if ($@) {
1820 warn $@;
1821 return undef;
1822 }
1823 if (!defined($res->{macaddr})) {
1824 my $dc = PVE::Cluster::cfs_read_file('datacenter.cfg');
1825 $res->{macaddr} = PVE::Tools::random_ether_addr($dc->{mac_prefix});
1826 }
1827 return $res;
1828 }
1829
1830 sub print_net {
1831 my $net = shift;
1832
1833 return PVE::JSONSchema::print_property_string($net, $net_fmt);
1834 }
1835
1836 sub add_random_macs {
1837 my ($settings) = @_;
1838
1839 foreach my $opt (keys %$settings) {
1840 next if $opt !~ m/^net(\d+)$/;
1841 my $net = parse_net($settings->{$opt});
1842 next if !$net;
1843 $settings->{$opt} = print_net($net);
1844 }
1845 }
1846
1847 sub vm_is_volid_owner {
1848 my ($storecfg, $vmid, $volid) = @_;
1849
1850 if ($volid !~ m|^/|) {
1851 my ($path, $owner);
1852 eval { ($path, $owner) = PVE::Storage::path($storecfg, $volid); };
1853 if ($owner && ($owner == $vmid)) {
1854 return 1;
1855 }
1856 }
1857
1858 return undef;
1859 }
1860
1861 sub split_flagged_list {
1862 my $text = shift || '';
1863 $text =~ s/[,;]/ /g;
1864 $text =~ s/^\s+//;
1865 return { map { /^(!?)(.*)$/ && ($2, $1) } ($text =~ /\S+/g) };
1866 }
1867
1868 sub join_flagged_list {
1869 my ($how, $lst) = @_;
1870 join $how, map { $lst->{$_} . $_ } keys %$lst;
1871 }
1872
1873 sub vmconfig_delete_pending_option {
1874 my ($conf, $key, $force) = @_;
1875
1876 delete $conf->{pending}->{$key};
1877 my $pending_delete_hash = split_flagged_list($conf->{pending}->{delete});
1878 $pending_delete_hash->{$key} = $force ? '!' : '';
1879 $conf->{pending}->{delete} = join_flagged_list(',', $pending_delete_hash);
1880 }
1881
1882 sub vmconfig_undelete_pending_option {
1883 my ($conf, $key) = @_;
1884
1885 my $pending_delete_hash = split_flagged_list($conf->{pending}->{delete});
1886 delete $pending_delete_hash->{$key};
1887
1888 if (%$pending_delete_hash) {
1889 $conf->{pending}->{delete} = join_flagged_list(',', $pending_delete_hash);
1890 } else {
1891 delete $conf->{pending}->{delete};
1892 }
1893 }
1894
1895 sub vmconfig_register_unused_drive {
1896 my ($storecfg, $vmid, $conf, $drive) = @_;
1897
1898 if (!drive_is_cdrom($drive)) {
1899 my $volid = $drive->{file};
1900 if (vm_is_volid_owner($storecfg, $vmid, $volid)) {
1901 PVE::QemuConfig->add_unused_volume($conf, $volid, $vmid);
1902 }
1903 }
1904 }
1905
1906 sub vmconfig_cleanup_pending {
1907 my ($conf) = @_;
1908
1909 # remove pending changes when nothing changed
1910 my $changes;
1911 foreach my $opt (keys %{$conf->{pending}}) {
1912 if (defined($conf->{$opt}) && ($conf->{pending}->{$opt} eq $conf->{$opt})) {
1913 $changes = 1;
1914 delete $conf->{pending}->{$opt};
1915 }
1916 }
1917
1918 my $current_delete_hash = split_flagged_list($conf->{pending}->{delete});
1919 my $pending_delete_hash = {};
1920 while (my ($opt, $force) = each %$current_delete_hash) {
1921 if (defined($conf->{$opt})) {
1922 $pending_delete_hash->{$opt} = $force;
1923 } else {
1924 $changes = 1;
1925 }
1926 }
1927
1928 if (%$pending_delete_hash) {
1929 $conf->{pending}->{delete} = join_flagged_list(',', $pending_delete_hash);
1930 } else {
1931 delete $conf->{pending}->{delete};
1932 }
1933
1934 return $changes;
1935 }
1936
1937 # smbios: [manufacturer=str][,product=str][,version=str][,serial=str][,uuid=uuid][,sku=str][,family=str]
1938 my $smbios1_fmt = {
1939 uuid => {
1940 type => 'string',
1941 pattern => '[a-fA-F0-9]{8}(?:-[a-fA-F0-9]{4}){3}-[a-fA-F0-9]{12}',
1942 format_description => 'UUID',
1943 description => "Set SMBIOS1 UUID.",
1944 optional => 1,
1945 },
1946 version => {
1947 type => 'string',
1948 pattern => '\S+',
1949 format_description => 'string',
1950 description => "Set SMBIOS1 version.",
1951 optional => 1,
1952 },
1953 serial => {
1954 type => 'string',
1955 pattern => '\S+',
1956 format_description => 'string',
1957 description => "Set SMBIOS1 serial number.",
1958 optional => 1,
1959 },
1960 manufacturer => {
1961 type => 'string',
1962 pattern => '\S+',
1963 format_description => 'string',
1964 description => "Set SMBIOS1 manufacturer.",
1965 optional => 1,
1966 },
1967 product => {
1968 type => 'string',
1969 pattern => '\S+',
1970 format_description => 'string',
1971 description => "Set SMBIOS1 product ID.",
1972 optional => 1,
1973 },
1974 sku => {
1975 type => 'string',
1976 pattern => '\S+',
1977 format_description => 'string',
1978 description => "Set SMBIOS1 SKU string.",
1979 optional => 1,
1980 },
1981 family => {
1982 type => 'string',
1983 pattern => '\S+',
1984 format_description => 'string',
1985 description => "Set SMBIOS1 family string.",
1986 optional => 1,
1987 },
1988 };
1989
1990 sub parse_smbios1 {
1991 my ($data) = @_;
1992
1993 my $res = eval { PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($smbios1_fmt, $data) };
1994 warn $@ if $@;
1995 return $res;
1996 }
1997
1998 sub print_smbios1 {
1999 my ($smbios1) = @_;
2000 return PVE::JSONSchema::print_property_string($smbios1, $smbios1_fmt);
2001 }
2002
2003 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-qm-smbios1', $smbios1_fmt);
2004
2005 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-qm-bootdisk', \&verify_bootdisk);
2006 sub verify_bootdisk {
2007 my ($value, $noerr) = @_;
2008
2009 return $value if is_valid_drivename($value);
2010
2011 return undef if $noerr;
2012
2013 die "invalid boot disk '$value'\n";
2014 }
2015
2016 sub parse_watchdog {
2017 my ($value) = @_;
2018
2019 return undef if !$value;
2020
2021 my $res = eval { PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($watchdog_fmt, $value) };
2022 warn $@ if $@;
2023 return $res;
2024 }
2025
2026 PVE::JSONSchema::register_format('pve-qm-usb-device', \&verify_usb_device);
2027 sub verify_usb_device {
2028 my ($value, $noerr) = @_;
2029
2030 return $value if parse_usb_device($value);
2031
2032 return undef if $noerr;
2033
2034 die "unable to parse usb device\n";
2035 }
2036
2037 # add JSON properties for create and set function
2038 sub json_config_properties {
2039 my $prop = shift;
2040
2041 foreach my $opt (keys %$confdesc) {
2042 next if $opt eq 'parent' || $opt eq 'snaptime' || $opt eq 'vmstate';
2043 $prop->{$opt} = $confdesc->{$opt};
2044 }
2045
2046 return $prop;
2047 }
2048
2049 sub check_type {
2050 my ($key, $value) = @_;
2051
2052 die "unknown setting '$key'\n" if !$confdesc->{$key};
2053
2054 my $type = $confdesc->{$key}->{type};
2055
2056 if (!defined($value)) {
2057 die "got undefined value\n";
2058 }
2059
2060 if ($value =~ m/[\n\r]/) {
2061 die "property contains a line feed\n";
2062 }
2063
2064 if ($type eq 'boolean') {
2065 return 1 if ($value eq '1') || ($value =~ m/^(on|yes|true)$/i);
2066 return 0 if ($value eq '0') || ($value =~ m/^(off|no|false)$/i);
2067 die "type check ('boolean') failed - got '$value'\n";
2068 } elsif ($type eq 'integer') {
2069 return int($1) if $value =~ m/^(\d+)$/;
2070 die "type check ('integer') failed - got '$value'\n";
2071 } elsif ($type eq 'number') {
2072 return $value if $value =~ m/^(\d+)(\.\d+)?$/;
2073 die "type check ('number') failed - got '$value'\n";
2074 } elsif ($type eq 'string') {
2075 if (my $fmt = $confdesc->{$key}->{format}) {
2076 PVE::JSONSchema::check_format($fmt, $value);
2077 return $value;
2078 }
2079 $value =~ s/^\"(.*)\"$/$1/;
2080 return $value;
2081 } else {
2082 die "internal error"
2083 }
2084 }
2085
2086 sub check_iommu_support{
2087 #fixme : need to check IOMMU support
2088 #http://www.linux-kvm.org/page/How_to_assign_devices_with_VT-d_in_KVM
2089
2090 my $iommu=1;
2091 return $iommu;
2092
2093 }
2094
2095 sub touch_config {
2096 my ($vmid) = @_;
2097
2098 my $conf = PVE::QemuConfig->config_file($vmid);
2099 utime undef, undef, $conf;
2100 }
2101
2102 sub destroy_vm {
2103 my ($storecfg, $vmid, $keep_empty_config, $skiplock) = @_;
2104
2105 my $conffile = PVE::QemuConfig->config_file($vmid);
2106
2107 my $conf = PVE::QemuConfig->load_config($vmid);
2108
2109 PVE::QemuConfig->check_lock($conf) if !$skiplock;
2110
2111 # only remove disks owned by this VM
2112 foreach_drive($conf, sub {
2113 my ($ds, $drive) = @_;
2114
2115 return if drive_is_cdrom($drive);
2116
2117 my $volid = $drive->{file};
2118
2119 return if !$volid || $volid =~ m|^/|;
2120
2121 my ($path, $owner) = PVE::Storage::path($storecfg, $volid);
2122 return if !$path || !$owner || ($owner != $vmid);
2123
2124 eval {
2125 PVE::Storage::vdisk_free($storecfg, $volid);
2126 };
2127 warn "Could not remove disk '$volid', check manually: $@" if $@;
2128
2129 });
2130
2131 if ($keep_empty_config) {
2132 PVE::Tools::file_set_contents($conffile, "memory: 128\n");
2133 } else {
2134 unlink $conffile;
2135 }
2136
2137 # also remove unused disk
2138 eval {
2139 my $dl = PVE::Storage::vdisk_list($storecfg, undef, $vmid);
2140
2141 eval {
2142 PVE::Storage::foreach_volid($dl, sub {
2143 my ($volid, $sid, $volname, $d) = @_;
2144 PVE::Storage::vdisk_free($storecfg, $volid);
2145 });
2146 };
2147 warn $@ if $@;
2148
2149 };
2150 warn $@ if $@;
2151 }
2152
2153 sub parse_vm_config {
2154 my ($filename, $raw) = @_;
2155
2156 return undef if !defined($raw);
2157
2158 my $res = {
2159 digest => Digest::SHA::sha1_hex($raw),
2160 snapshots => {},
2161 pending => {},
2162 };
2163
2164 $filename =~ m|/qemu-server/(\d+)\.conf$|
2165 || die "got strange filename '$filename'";
2166
2167 my $vmid = $1;
2168
2169 my $conf = $res;
2170 my $descr;
2171 my $section = '';
2172
2173 my @lines = split(/\n/, $raw);
2174 foreach my $line (@lines) {
2175 next if $line =~ m/^\s*$/;
2176
2177 if ($line =~ m/^\[PENDING\]\s*$/i) {
2178 $section = 'pending';
2179 if (defined($descr)) {
2180 $descr =~ s/\s+$//;
2181 $conf->{description} = $descr;
2182 }
2183 $descr = undef;
2184 $conf = $res->{$section} = {};
2185 next;
2186
2187 } elsif ($line =~ m/^\[([a-z][a-z0-9_\-]+)\]\s*$/i) {
2188 $section = $1;
2189 if (defined($descr)) {
2190 $descr =~ s/\s+$//;
2191 $conf->{description} = $descr;
2192 }
2193 $descr = undef;
2194 $conf = $res->{snapshots}->{$section} = {};
2195 next;
2196 }
2197
2198 if ($line =~ m/^\#(.*)\s*$/) {
2199 $descr = '' if !defined($descr);
2200 $descr .= PVE::Tools::decode_text($1) . "\n";
2201 next;
2202 }
2203
2204 if ($line =~ m/^(description):\s*(.*\S)\s*$/) {
2205 $descr = '' if !defined($descr);
2206 $descr .= PVE::Tools::decode_text($2);
2207 } elsif ($line =~ m/snapstate:\s*(prepare|delete)\s*$/) {
2208 $conf->{snapstate} = $1;
2209 } elsif ($line =~ m/^(args):\s*(.*\S)\s*$/) {
2210 my $key = $1;
2211 my $value = $2;
2212 $conf->{$key} = $value;
2213 } elsif ($line =~ m/^delete:\s*(.*\S)\s*$/) {
2214 my $value = $1;
2215 if ($section eq 'pending') {
2216 $conf->{delete} = $value; # we parse this later
2217 } else {
2218 warn "vm $vmid - propertry 'delete' is only allowed in [PENDING]\n";
2219 }
2220 } elsif ($line =~ m/^([a-z][a-z_]*\d*):\s*(\S+)\s*$/) {
2221 my $key = $1;
2222 my $value = $2;
2223 eval { $value = check_type($key, $value); };
2224 if ($@) {
2225 warn "vm $vmid - unable to parse value of '$key' - $@";
2226 } else {
2227 $key = 'ide2' if $key eq 'cdrom';
2228 my $fmt = $confdesc->{$key}->{format};
2229 if ($fmt && $fmt =~ /^pve-qm-(?:ide|scsi|virtio|sata)$/) {
2230 my $v = parse_drive($key, $value);
2231 if (my $volid = filename_to_volume_id($vmid, $v->{file}, $v->{media})) {
2232 $v->{file} = $volid;
2233 $value = print_drive($vmid, $v);
2234 } else {
2235 warn "vm $vmid - unable to parse value of '$key'\n";
2236 next;
2237 }
2238 }
2239
2240 $conf->{$key} = $value;
2241 }
2242 }
2243 }
2244
2245 if (defined($descr)) {
2246 $descr =~ s/\s+$//;
2247 $conf->{description} = $descr;
2248 }
2249 delete $res->{snapstate}; # just to be sure
2250
2251 return $res;
2252 }
2253
2254 sub write_vm_config {
2255 my ($filename, $conf) = @_;
2256
2257 delete $conf->{snapstate}; # just to be sure
2258
2259 if ($conf->{cdrom}) {
2260 die "option ide2 conflicts with cdrom\n" if $conf->{ide2};
2261 $conf->{ide2} = $conf->{cdrom};
2262 delete $conf->{cdrom};
2263 }
2264
2265 # we do not use 'smp' any longer
2266 if ($conf->{sockets}) {
2267 delete $conf->{smp};
2268 } elsif ($conf->{smp}) {
2269 $conf->{sockets} = $conf->{smp};
2270 delete $conf->{cores};
2271 delete $conf->{smp};
2272 }
2273
2274 my $used_volids = {};
2275
2276 my $cleanup_config = sub {
2277 my ($cref, $pending, $snapname) = @_;
2278
2279 foreach my $key (keys %$cref) {
2280 next if $key eq 'digest' || $key eq 'description' || $key eq 'snapshots' ||
2281 $key eq 'snapstate' || $key eq 'pending';
2282 my $value = $cref->{$key};
2283 if ($key eq 'delete') {
2284 die "propertry 'delete' is only allowed in [PENDING]\n"
2285 if !$pending;
2286 # fixme: check syntax?
2287 next;
2288 }
2289 eval { $value = check_type($key, $value); };
2290 die "unable to parse value of '$key' - $@" if $@;
2291
2292 $cref->{$key} = $value;
2293
2294 if (!$snapname && is_valid_drivename($key)) {
2295 my $drive = parse_drive($key, $value);
2296 $used_volids->{$drive->{file}} = 1 if $drive && $drive->{file};
2297 }
2298 }
2299 };
2300
2301 &$cleanup_config($conf);
2302
2303 &$cleanup_config($conf->{pending}, 1);
2304
2305 foreach my $snapname (keys %{$conf->{snapshots}}) {
2306 die "internal error" if $snapname eq 'pending';
2307 &$cleanup_config($conf->{snapshots}->{$snapname}, undef, $snapname);
2308 }
2309
2310 # remove 'unusedX' settings if we re-add a volume
2311 foreach my $key (keys %$conf) {
2312 my $value = $conf->{$key};
2313 if ($key =~ m/^unused/ && $used_volids->{$value}) {
2314 delete $conf->{$key};
2315 }
2316 }
2317
2318 my $generate_raw_config = sub {
2319 my ($conf, $pending) = @_;
2320
2321 my $raw = '';
2322
2323 # add description as comment to top of file
2324 if (defined(my $descr = $conf->{description})) {
2325 if ($descr) {
2326 foreach my $cl (split(/\n/, $descr)) {
2327 $raw .= '#' . PVE::Tools::encode_text($cl) . "\n";
2328 }
2329 } else {
2330 $raw .= "#\n" if $pending;
2331 }
2332 }
2333
2334 foreach my $key (sort keys %$conf) {
2335 next if $key eq 'digest' || $key eq 'description' || $key eq 'pending' || $key eq 'snapshots';
2336 $raw .= "$key: $conf->{$key}\n";
2337 }
2338 return $raw;
2339 };
2340
2341 my $raw = &$generate_raw_config($conf);
2342
2343 if (scalar(keys %{$conf->{pending}})){
2344 $raw .= "\n[PENDING]\n";
2345 $raw .= &$generate_raw_config($conf->{pending}, 1);
2346 }
2347
2348 foreach my $snapname (sort keys %{$conf->{snapshots}}) {
2349 $raw .= "\n[$snapname]\n";
2350 $raw .= &$generate_raw_config($conf->{snapshots}->{$snapname});
2351 }
2352
2353 return $raw;
2354 }
2355
2356 sub load_defaults {
2357
2358 my $res = {};
2359
2360 # we use static defaults from our JSON schema configuration
2361 foreach my $key (keys %$confdesc) {
2362 if (defined(my $default = $confdesc->{$key}->{default})) {
2363 $res->{$key} = $default;
2364 }
2365 }
2366
2367 my $conf = PVE::Cluster::cfs_read_file('datacenter.cfg');
2368 $res->{keyboard} = $conf->{keyboard} if $conf->{keyboard};
2369
2370 return $res;
2371 }
2372
2373 sub config_list {
2374 my $vmlist = PVE::Cluster::get_vmlist();
2375 my $res = {};
2376 return $res if !$vmlist || !$vmlist->{ids};
2377 my $ids = $vmlist->{ids};
2378
2379 foreach my $vmid (keys %$ids) {
2380 my $d = $ids->{$vmid};
2381 next if !$d->{node} || $d->{node} ne $nodename;
2382 next if !$d->{type} || $d->{type} ne 'qemu';
2383 $res->{$vmid}->{exists} = 1;
2384 }
2385 return $res;
2386 }
2387
2388 # test if VM uses local resources (to prevent migration)
2389 sub check_local_resources {
2390 my ($conf, $noerr) = @_;
2391
2392 my $loc_res = 0;
2393
2394 $loc_res = 1 if $conf->{hostusb}; # old syntax
2395 $loc_res = 1 if $conf->{hostpci}; # old syntax
2396
2397 foreach my $k (keys %$conf) {
2398 next if $k =~ m/^usb/ && ($conf->{$k} eq 'spice');
2399 # sockets are safe: they will recreated be on the target side post-migrate
2400 next if $k =~ m/^serial/ && ($conf->{$k} eq 'socket');
2401 $loc_res = 1 if $k =~ m/^(usb|hostpci|serial|parallel)\d+$/;
2402 }
2403
2404 die "VM uses local resources\n" if $loc_res && !$noerr;
2405
2406 return $loc_res;
2407 }
2408
2409 # check if used storages are available on all nodes (use by migrate)
2410 sub check_storage_availability {
2411 my ($storecfg, $conf, $node) = @_;
2412
2413 foreach_drive($conf, sub {
2414 my ($ds, $drive) = @_;
2415
2416 my $volid = $drive->{file};
2417 return if !$volid;
2418
2419 my ($sid, $volname) = PVE::Storage::parse_volume_id($volid, 1);
2420 return if !$sid;
2421
2422 # check if storage is available on both nodes
2423 my $scfg = PVE::Storage::storage_check_node($storecfg, $sid);
2424 PVE::Storage::storage_check_node($storecfg, $sid, $node);
2425 });
2426 }
2427
2428 # list nodes where all VM images are available (used by has_feature API)
2429 sub shared_nodes {
2430 my ($conf, $storecfg) = @_;
2431
2432 my $nodelist = PVE::Cluster::get_nodelist();
2433 my $nodehash = { map { $_ => 1 } @$nodelist };
2434 my $nodename = PVE::INotify::nodename();
2435
2436 foreach_drive($conf, sub {
2437 my ($ds, $drive) = @_;
2438
2439 my $volid = $drive->{file};
2440 return if !$volid;
2441
2442 my ($storeid, $volname) = PVE::Storage::parse_volume_id($volid, 1);
2443 if ($storeid) {
2444 my $scfg = PVE::Storage::storage_config($storecfg, $storeid);
2445 if ($scfg->{disable}) {
2446 $nodehash = {};
2447 } elsif (my $avail = $scfg->{nodes}) {
2448 foreach my $node (keys %$nodehash) {
2449 delete $nodehash->{$node} if !$avail->{$node};
2450 }
2451 } elsif (!$scfg->{shared}) {
2452 foreach my $node (keys %$nodehash) {
2453 delete $nodehash->{$node} if $node ne $nodename
2454 }
2455 }
2456 }
2457 });
2458
2459 return $nodehash
2460 }
2461
2462 sub check_cmdline {
2463 my ($pidfile, $pid) = @_;
2464
2465 my $fh = IO::File->new("/proc/$pid/cmdline", "r");
2466 if (defined($fh)) {
2467 my $line = <$fh>;
2468 $fh->close;
2469 return undef if !$line;
2470 my @param = split(/\0/, $line);
2471
2472 my $cmd = $param[0];
2473 return if !$cmd || ($cmd !~ m|kvm$| && $cmd !~ m|qemu-system-x86_64$|);
2474
2475 for (my $i = 0; $i < scalar (@param); $i++) {
2476 my $p = $param[$i];
2477 next if !$p;
2478 if (($p eq '-pidfile') || ($p eq '--pidfile')) {
2479 my $p = $param[$i+1];
2480 return 1 if $p && ($p eq $pidfile);
2481 return undef;
2482 }
2483 }
2484 }
2485 return undef;
2486 }
2487
2488 sub check_running {
2489 my ($vmid, $nocheck, $node) = @_;
2490
2491 my $filename = PVE::QemuConfig->config_file($vmid, $node);
2492
2493 die "unable to find configuration file for VM $vmid - no such machine\n"
2494 if !$nocheck && ! -f $filename;
2495
2496 my $pidfile = pidfile_name($vmid);
2497
2498 if (my $fd = IO::File->new("<$pidfile")) {
2499 my $st = stat($fd);
2500 my $line = <$fd>;
2501 close($fd);
2502
2503 my $mtime = $st->mtime;
2504 if ($mtime > time()) {
2505 warn "file '$filename' modified in future\n";
2506 }
2507
2508 if ($line =~ m/^(\d+)$/) {
2509 my $pid = $1;
2510 if (check_cmdline($pidfile, $pid)) {
2511 if (my $pinfo = PVE::ProcFSTools::check_process_running($pid)) {
2512 return $pid;
2513 }
2514 }
2515 }
2516 }
2517
2518 return undef;
2519 }
2520
2521 sub vzlist {
2522
2523 my $vzlist = config_list();
2524
2525 my $fd = IO::Dir->new($var_run_tmpdir) || return $vzlist;
2526
2527 while (defined(my $de = $fd->read)) {
2528 next if $de !~ m/^(\d+)\.pid$/;
2529 my $vmid = $1;
2530 next if !defined($vzlist->{$vmid});
2531 if (my $pid = check_running($vmid)) {
2532 $vzlist->{$vmid}->{pid} = $pid;
2533 }
2534 }
2535
2536 return $vzlist;
2537 }
2538
2539 sub disksize {
2540 my ($storecfg, $conf) = @_;
2541
2542 my $bootdisk = $conf->{bootdisk};
2543 return undef if !$bootdisk;
2544 return undef if !is_valid_drivename($bootdisk);
2545
2546 return undef if !$conf->{$bootdisk};
2547
2548 my $drive = parse_drive($bootdisk, $conf->{$bootdisk});
2549 return undef if !defined($drive);
2550
2551 return undef if drive_is_cdrom($drive);
2552
2553 my $volid = $drive->{file};
2554 return undef if !$volid;
2555
2556 return $drive->{size};
2557 }
2558
2559 my $last_proc_pid_stat;
2560
2561 # get VM status information
2562 # This must be fast and should not block ($full == false)
2563 # We only query KVM using QMP if $full == true (this can be slow)
2564 sub vmstatus {
2565 my ($opt_vmid, $full) = @_;
2566
2567 my $res = {};
2568
2569 my $storecfg = PVE::Storage::config();
2570
2571 my $list = vzlist();
2572 my ($uptime) = PVE::ProcFSTools::read_proc_uptime(1);
2573
2574 my $cpucount = $cpuinfo->{cpus} || 1;
2575
2576 foreach my $vmid (keys %$list) {
2577 next if $opt_vmid && ($vmid ne $opt_vmid);
2578
2579 my $cfspath = PVE::QemuConfig->cfs_config_path($vmid);
2580 my $conf = PVE::Cluster::cfs_read_file($cfspath) || {};
2581
2582 my $d = {};
2583 $d->{pid} = $list->{$vmid}->{pid};
2584
2585 # fixme: better status?
2586 $d->{status} = $list->{$vmid}->{pid} ? 'running' : 'stopped';
2587
2588 my $size = disksize($storecfg, $conf);
2589 if (defined($size)) {
2590 $d->{disk} = 0; # no info available
2591 $d->{maxdisk} = $size;
2592 } else {
2593 $d->{disk} = 0;
2594 $d->{maxdisk} = 0;
2595 }
2596
2597 $d->{cpus} = ($conf->{sockets} || 1) * ($conf->{cores} || 1);
2598 $d->{cpus} = $cpucount if $d->{cpus} > $cpucount;
2599 $d->{cpus} = $conf->{vcpus} if $conf->{vcpus};
2600
2601 $d->{name} = $conf->{name} || "VM $vmid";
2602 $d->{maxmem} = $conf->{memory} ? $conf->{memory}*(1024*1024) : 0;
2603
2604 if ($conf->{balloon}) {
2605 $d->{balloon_min} = $conf->{balloon}*(1024*1024);
2606 $d->{shares} = defined($conf->{shares}) ? $conf->{shares} : 1000;
2607 }
2608
2609 $d->{uptime} = 0;
2610 $d->{cpu} = 0;
2611 $d->{mem} = 0;
2612
2613 $d->{netout} = 0;
2614 $d->{netin} = 0;
2615
2616 $d->{diskread} = 0;
2617 $d->{diskwrite} = 0;
2618
2619 $d->{template} = PVE::QemuConfig->is_template($conf);
2620
2621 $res->{$vmid} = $d;
2622 }
2623
2624 my $netdev = PVE::ProcFSTools::read_proc_net_dev();
2625 foreach my $dev (keys %$netdev) {
2626 next if $dev !~ m/^tap([1-9]\d*)i/;
2627 my $vmid = $1;
2628 my $d = $res->{$vmid};
2629 next if !$d;
2630
2631 $d->{netout} += $netdev->{$dev}->{receive};
2632 $d->{netin} += $netdev->{$dev}->{transmit};
2633
2634 if ($full) {
2635 $d->{nics}->{$dev}->{netout} = $netdev->{$dev}->{receive};
2636 $d->{nics}->{$dev}->{netin} = $netdev->{$dev}->{transmit};
2637 }
2638
2639 }
2640
2641 my $ctime = gettimeofday;
2642
2643 foreach my $vmid (keys %$list) {
2644
2645 my $d = $res->{$vmid};
2646 my $pid = $d->{pid};
2647 next if !$pid;
2648
2649 my $pstat = PVE::ProcFSTools::read_proc_pid_stat($pid);
2650 next if !$pstat; # not running
2651
2652 my $used = $pstat->{utime} + $pstat->{stime};
2653
2654 $d->{uptime} = int(($uptime - $pstat->{starttime})/$cpuinfo->{user_hz});
2655
2656 if ($pstat->{vsize}) {
2657 $d->{mem} = int(($pstat->{rss}/$pstat->{vsize})*$d->{maxmem});
2658 }
2659
2660 my $old = $last_proc_pid_stat->{$pid};
2661 if (!$old) {
2662 $last_proc_pid_stat->{$pid} = {
2663 time => $ctime,
2664 used => $used,
2665 cpu => 0,
2666 };
2667 next;
2668 }
2669
2670 my $dtime = ($ctime - $old->{time}) * $cpucount * $cpuinfo->{user_hz};
2671
2672 if ($dtime > 1000) {
2673 my $dutime = $used - $old->{used};
2674
2675 $d->{cpu} = (($dutime/$dtime)* $cpucount) / $d->{cpus};
2676 $last_proc_pid_stat->{$pid} = {
2677 time => $ctime,
2678 used => $used,
2679 cpu => $d->{cpu},
2680 };
2681 } else {
2682 $d->{cpu} = $old->{cpu};
2683 }
2684 }
2685
2686 return $res if !$full;
2687
2688 my $qmpclient = PVE::QMPClient->new();
2689
2690 my $ballooncb = sub {
2691 my ($vmid, $resp) = @_;
2692
2693 my $info = $resp->{'return'};
2694 return if !$info->{max_mem};
2695
2696 my $d = $res->{$vmid};
2697
2698 # use memory assigned to VM
2699 $d->{maxmem} = $info->{max_mem};
2700 $d->{balloon} = $info->{actual};
2701
2702 if (defined($info->{total_mem}) && defined($info->{free_mem})) {
2703 $d->{mem} = $info->{total_mem} - $info->{free_mem};
2704 $d->{freemem} = $info->{free_mem};
2705 }
2706
2707 $d->{ballooninfo} = $info;
2708 };
2709
2710 my $blockstatscb = sub {
2711 my ($vmid, $resp) = @_;
2712 my $data = $resp->{'return'} || [];
2713 my $totalrdbytes = 0;
2714 my $totalwrbytes = 0;
2715
2716 for my $blockstat (@$data) {
2717 $totalrdbytes = $totalrdbytes + $blockstat->{stats}->{rd_bytes};
2718 $totalwrbytes = $totalwrbytes + $blockstat->{stats}->{wr_bytes};
2719
2720 $blockstat->{device} =~ s/drive-//;
2721 $res->{$vmid}->{blockstat}->{$blockstat->{device}} = $blockstat->{stats};
2722 }
2723 $res->{$vmid}->{diskread} = $totalrdbytes;
2724 $res->{$vmid}->{diskwrite} = $totalwrbytes;
2725 };
2726
2727 my $statuscb = sub {
2728 my ($vmid, $resp) = @_;
2729
2730 $qmpclient->queue_cmd($vmid, $blockstatscb, 'query-blockstats');
2731 # this fails if ballon driver is not loaded, so this must be
2732 # the last commnand (following command are aborted if this fails).
2733 $qmpclient->queue_cmd($vmid, $ballooncb, 'query-balloon');
2734
2735 my $status = 'unknown';
2736 if (!defined($status = $resp->{'return'}->{status})) {
2737 warn "unable to get VM status\n";
2738 return;
2739 }
2740
2741 $res->{$vmid}->{qmpstatus} = $resp->{'return'}->{status};
2742 };
2743
2744 foreach my $vmid (keys %$list) {
2745 next if $opt_vmid && ($vmid ne $opt_vmid);
2746 next if !$res->{$vmid}->{pid}; # not running
2747 $qmpclient->queue_cmd($vmid, $statuscb, 'query-status');
2748 }
2749
2750 $qmpclient->queue_execute(undef, 2);
2751
2752 foreach my $vmid (keys %$list) {
2753 next if $opt_vmid && ($vmid ne $opt_vmid);
2754 $res->{$vmid}->{qmpstatus} = $res->{$vmid}->{status} if !$res->{$vmid}->{qmpstatus};
2755 }
2756
2757 return $res;
2758 }
2759
2760 sub foreach_drive {
2761 my ($conf, $func, @param) = @_;
2762
2763 foreach my $ds (valid_drive_names()) {
2764 next if !defined($conf->{$ds});
2765
2766 my $drive = parse_drive($ds, $conf->{$ds});
2767 next if !$drive;
2768
2769 &$func($ds, $drive, @param);
2770 }
2771 }
2772
2773 sub foreach_volid {
2774 my ($conf, $func, @param) = @_;
2775
2776 my $volhash = {};
2777
2778 my $test_volid = sub {
2779 my ($volid, $is_cdrom, $replicate, $snapname) = @_;
2780
2781 return if !$volid;
2782
2783 $volhash->{$volid}->{cdrom} //= 1;
2784 $volhash->{$volid}->{cdrom} = 0 if !$is_cdrom;
2785
2786 $volhash->{$volid}->{replicate} //= 0;
2787 $volhash->{$volid}->{replicate} = 1 if $replicate;
2788
2789 $volhash->{$volid}->{referenced_in_config} //= 0;
2790 $volhash->{$volid}->{referenced_in_config} = 1 if !defined($snapname);
2791
2792 $volhash->{$volid}->{referenced_in_snapshot}->{$snapname} = 1
2793 if defined($snapname);
2794 };
2795
2796 foreach_drive($conf, sub {
2797 my ($ds, $drive) = @_;
2798 $test_volid->($drive->{file}, drive_is_cdrom($drive), $drive->{replicate} // 1, undef);
2799 });
2800
2801 foreach my $snapname (keys %{$conf->{snapshots}}) {
2802 my $snap = $conf->{snapshots}->{$snapname};
2803 $test_volid->($snap->{vmstate}, 0, 1, $snapname);
2804 foreach_drive($snap, sub {
2805 my ($ds, $drive) = @_;
2806 $test_volid->($drive->{file}, drive_is_cdrom($drive), $drive->{replicate} // 1, $snapname);
2807 });
2808 }
2809
2810 foreach my $volid (keys %$volhash) {
2811 &$func($volid, $volhash->{$volid}, @param);
2812 }
2813 }
2814
2815 sub vga_conf_has_spice {
2816 my ($vga) = @_;
2817
2818 return 0 if !$vga || $vga !~ m/^qxl([234])?$/;
2819
2820 return $1 || 1;
2821 }
2822
2823 sub config_to_command {
2824 my ($storecfg, $vmid, $conf, $defaults, $forcemachine) = @_;
2825
2826 my $cmd = [];
2827 my $globalFlags = [];
2828 my $machineFlags = [];
2829 my $rtcFlags = [];
2830 my $cpuFlags = [];
2831 my $devices = [];
2832 my $pciaddr = '';
2833 my $bridges = {};
2834 my $kvmver = kvm_user_version();
2835 my $vernum = 0; # unknown
2836 my $ostype = $conf->{ostype};
2837 my $winversion = windows_version($ostype);
2838 my $kvm = $conf->{kvm} // 1;
2839
2840 die "KVM virtualisation configured, but not available. Either disable in VM configuration or enable in BIOS.\n" if (!$cpuinfo->{hvm} && $kvm);
2841
2842 if ($kvmver =~ m/^(\d+)\.(\d+)$/) {
2843 $vernum = $1*1000000+$2*1000;
2844 } elsif ($kvmver =~ m/^(\d+)\.(\d+)\.(\d+)$/) {
2845 $vernum = $1*1000000+$2*1000+$3;
2846 }
2847
2848 die "detected old qemu-kvm binary ($kvmver)\n" if $vernum < 15000;
2849
2850 my $have_ovz = -f '/proc/vz/vestat';
2851
2852 my $q35 = machine_type_is_q35($conf);
2853 my $hotplug_features = parse_hotplug_features(defined($conf->{hotplug}) ? $conf->{hotplug} : '1');
2854 my $machine_type = $forcemachine || $conf->{machine};
2855 my $use_old_bios_files = undef;
2856 ($use_old_bios_files, $machine_type) = qemu_use_old_bios_files($machine_type);
2857
2858 my $cpuunits = defined($conf->{cpuunits}) ?
2859 $conf->{cpuunits} : $defaults->{cpuunits};
2860
2861 push @$cmd, '/usr/bin/kvm';
2862
2863 push @$cmd, '-id', $vmid;
2864
2865 my $use_virtio = 0;
2866
2867 my $qmpsocket = qmp_socket($vmid);
2868 push @$cmd, '-chardev', "socket,id=qmp,path=$qmpsocket,server,nowait";
2869 push @$cmd, '-mon', "chardev=qmp,mode=control";
2870
2871
2872 push @$cmd, '-pidfile' , pidfile_name($vmid);
2873
2874 push @$cmd, '-daemonize';
2875
2876 if ($conf->{smbios1}) {
2877 push @$cmd, '-smbios', "type=1,$conf->{smbios1}";
2878 }
2879
2880 if ($conf->{bios} && $conf->{bios} eq 'ovmf') {
2881 my $ovmfbase;
2882
2883 # prefer the OVMF_CODE variant
2884 if (-f $OVMF_CODE) {
2885 $ovmfbase = $OVMF_CODE;
2886 } elsif (-f $OVMF_IMG) {
2887 $ovmfbase = $OVMF_IMG;
2888 }
2889
2890 die "no uefi base img found\n" if !$ovmfbase;
2891 push @$cmd, '-drive', "if=pflash,unit=0,format=raw,readonly,file=$ovmfbase";
2892
2893 if (defined($conf->{efidisk0}) && ($ovmfbase eq $OVMF_CODE)) {
2894 my $d = PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($efidisk_fmt, $conf->{efidisk0});
2895 my $format = $d->{format} // 'raw';
2896 my $path;
2897 my ($storeid, $volname) = PVE::Storage::parse_volume_id($d->{file}, 1);
2898 if ($storeid) {
2899 $path = PVE::Storage::path($storecfg, $d->{file});
2900 my $scfg = PVE::Storage::storage_config($storecfg, $storeid);
2901 $format = qemu_img_format($scfg, $volname);
2902 } else {
2903 $path = $d->{file};
2904 $format = "raw";
2905 }
2906 push @$cmd, '-drive', "if=pflash,unit=1,id=drive-efidisk0,format=$format,file=$path";
2907 } elsif ($ovmfbase eq $OVMF_CODE) {
2908 warn "using uefi without permanent efivars disk\n";
2909 my $ovmfvar_dst = "/tmp/$vmid-ovmf.fd";
2910 PVE::Tools::file_copy($OVMF_VARS, $ovmfvar_dst, 256*1024);
2911 push @$cmd, '-drive', "if=pflash,unit=1,format=raw,file=$ovmfvar_dst";
2912 } else {
2913 # if the base img is not OVMF_CODE, we do not have to bother
2914 # to create/use a vars image, since it will not be used anyway
2915 # this can only happen if someone manually deletes the OVMF_CODE image
2916 # or has an old pve-qemu-kvm version installed.
2917 # both should not happen, but we ignore it here
2918 }
2919 }
2920
2921
2922 # add usb controllers
2923 my @usbcontrollers = PVE::QemuServer::USB::get_usb_controllers($conf, $bridges, $q35, $usbdesc->{format}, $MAX_USB_DEVICES);
2924 push @$devices, @usbcontrollers if @usbcontrollers;
2925 my $vga = $conf->{vga};
2926
2927 my $qxlnum = vga_conf_has_spice($vga);
2928 $vga = 'qxl' if $qxlnum;
2929
2930 if (!$vga) {
2931 if (qemu_machine_feature_enabled($machine_type, $kvmver, 2, 9)) {
2932 $vga = (!$winversion || $winversion >= 6) ? 'std' : 'cirrus';
2933 } else {
2934 $vga = ($winversion >= 6) ? 'std' : 'cirrus';
2935 }
2936 }
2937
2938 # enable absolute mouse coordinates (needed by vnc)
2939 my $tablet;
2940 if (defined($conf->{tablet})) {
2941 $tablet = $conf->{tablet};
2942 } else {
2943 $tablet = $defaults->{tablet};
2944 $tablet = 0 if $qxlnum; # disable for spice because it is not needed
2945 $tablet = 0 if $vga =~ m/^serial\d+$/; # disable if we use serial terminal (no vga card)
2946 }
2947
2948 push @$devices, '-device', print_tabletdevice_full($conf) if $tablet;
2949
2950 my $kvm_off = 0;
2951 my $gpu_passthrough;
2952
2953 # host pci devices
2954 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_HOSTPCI_DEVICES; $i++) {
2955 my $d = parse_hostpci($conf->{"hostpci$i"});
2956 next if !$d;
2957
2958 my $pcie = $d->{pcie};
2959 if($pcie){
2960 die "q35 machine model is not enabled" if !$q35;
2961 $pciaddr = print_pcie_addr("hostpci$i");
2962 }else{
2963 $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("hostpci$i", $bridges);
2964 }
2965
2966 my $rombar = defined($d->{rombar}) && !$d->{rombar} ? ',rombar=0' : '';
2967 my $romfile = $d->{romfile};
2968
2969 my $xvga = '';
2970 if ($d->{'x-vga'}) {
2971 $xvga = ',x-vga=on';
2972 $kvm_off = 1;
2973 $vga = 'none';
2974 $gpu_passthrough = 1;
2975
2976 if ($conf->{bios} && $conf->{bios} eq 'ovmf') {
2977 $xvga = "";
2978 }
2979 }
2980 my $pcidevices = $d->{pciid};
2981 my $multifunction = 1 if @$pcidevices > 1;
2982
2983 my $j=0;
2984 foreach my $pcidevice (@$pcidevices) {
2985
2986 my $id = "hostpci$i";
2987 $id .= ".$j" if $multifunction;
2988 my $addr = $pciaddr;
2989 $addr .= ".$j" if $multifunction;
2990 my $devicestr = "vfio-pci,host=$pcidevice->{id}.$pcidevice->{function},id=$id$addr";
2991
2992 if($j == 0){
2993 $devicestr .= "$rombar$xvga";
2994 $devicestr .= ",multifunction=on" if $multifunction;
2995 $devicestr .= ",romfile=/usr/share/kvm/$romfile" if $romfile;
2996 }
2997
2998 push @$devices, '-device', $devicestr;
2999 $j++;
3000 }
3001 }
3002
3003 # usb devices
3004 my @usbdevices = PVE::QemuServer::USB::get_usb_devices($conf, $usbdesc->{format}, $MAX_USB_DEVICES);
3005 push @$devices, @usbdevices if @usbdevices;
3006 # serial devices
3007 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_SERIAL_PORTS; $i++) {
3008 if (my $path = $conf->{"serial$i"}) {
3009 if ($path eq 'socket') {
3010 my $socket = "/var/run/qemu-server/${vmid}.serial$i";
3011 push @$devices, '-chardev', "socket,id=serial$i,path=$socket,server,nowait";
3012 push @$devices, '-device', "isa-serial,chardev=serial$i";
3013 } else {
3014 die "no such serial device\n" if ! -c $path;
3015 push @$devices, '-chardev', "tty,id=serial$i,path=$path";
3016 push @$devices, '-device', "isa-serial,chardev=serial$i";
3017 }
3018 }
3019 }
3020
3021 # parallel devices
3022 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_PARALLEL_PORTS; $i++) {
3023 if (my $path = $conf->{"parallel$i"}) {
3024 die "no such parallel device\n" if ! -c $path;
3025 my $devtype = $path =~ m!^/dev/usb/lp! ? 'tty' : 'parport';
3026 push @$devices, '-chardev', "$devtype,id=parallel$i,path=$path";
3027 push @$devices, '-device', "isa-parallel,chardev=parallel$i";
3028 }
3029 }
3030
3031 my $vmname = $conf->{name} || "vm$vmid";
3032
3033 push @$cmd, '-name', $vmname;
3034
3035 my $sockets = 1;
3036 $sockets = $conf->{smp} if $conf->{smp}; # old style - no longer iused
3037 $sockets = $conf->{sockets} if $conf->{sockets};
3038
3039 my $cores = $conf->{cores} || 1;
3040
3041 my $maxcpus = $sockets * $cores;
3042
3043 my $vcpus = $conf->{vcpus} ? $conf->{vcpus} : $maxcpus;
3044
3045 my $allowed_vcpus = $cpuinfo->{cpus};
3046
3047 die "MAX $allowed_vcpus vcpus allowed per VM on this node\n"
3048 if ($allowed_vcpus < $maxcpus);
3049
3050 if($hotplug_features->{cpu} && qemu_machine_feature_enabled ($machine_type, $kvmver, 2, 7)) {
3051
3052 push @$cmd, '-smp', "1,sockets=$sockets,cores=$cores,maxcpus=$maxcpus";
3053 for (my $i = 2; $i <= $vcpus; $i++) {
3054 my $cpustr = print_cpu_device($conf,$i);
3055 push @$cmd, '-device', $cpustr;
3056 }
3057
3058 } else {
3059
3060 push @$cmd, '-smp', "$vcpus,sockets=$sockets,cores=$cores,maxcpus=$maxcpus";
3061 }
3062 push @$cmd, '-nodefaults';
3063
3064 my $bootorder = $conf->{boot} || $confdesc->{boot}->{default};
3065
3066 my $bootindex_hash = {};
3067 my $i = 1;
3068 foreach my $o (split(//, $bootorder)) {
3069 $bootindex_hash->{$o} = $i*100;
3070 $i++;
3071 }
3072
3073 push @$cmd, '-boot', "menu=on,strict=on,reboot-timeout=1000,splash=/usr/share/qemu-server/bootsplash.jpg";
3074
3075 push @$cmd, '-no-acpi' if defined($conf->{acpi}) && $conf->{acpi} == 0;
3076
3077 push @$cmd, '-no-reboot' if defined($conf->{reboot}) && $conf->{reboot} == 0;
3078
3079 push @$cmd, '-vga', $vga if $vga && $vga !~ m/^serial\d+$/; # for kvm 77 and later
3080
3081 if ($vga && $vga !~ m/^serial\d+$/ && $vga ne 'none'){
3082 my $socket = vnc_socket($vmid);
3083 push @$cmd, '-vnc', "unix:$socket,x509,password";
3084 } else {
3085 push @$cmd, '-nographic';
3086 }
3087
3088 # time drift fix
3089 my $tdf = defined($conf->{tdf}) ? $conf->{tdf} : $defaults->{tdf};
3090
3091 my $useLocaltime = $conf->{localtime};
3092
3093 if ($winversion >= 5) { # windows
3094 $useLocaltime = 1 if !defined($conf->{localtime});
3095
3096 # use time drift fix when acpi is enabled
3097 if (!(defined($conf->{acpi}) && $conf->{acpi} == 0)) {
3098 $tdf = 1 if !defined($conf->{tdf});
3099 }
3100 }
3101
3102 if ($winversion >= 6) {
3103 push @$globalFlags, 'kvm-pit.lost_tick_policy=discard';
3104 push @$cmd, '-no-hpet';
3105 }
3106
3107 push @$rtcFlags, 'driftfix=slew' if $tdf;
3108
3109 if (!$kvm) {
3110 push @$machineFlags, 'accel=tcg';
3111 }
3112
3113 if ($machine_type) {
3114 push @$machineFlags, "type=${machine_type}";
3115 }
3116
3117 if ($conf->{startdate}) {
3118 push @$rtcFlags, "base=$conf->{startdate}";
3119 } elsif ($useLocaltime) {
3120 push @$rtcFlags, 'base=localtime';
3121 }
3122
3123 my $cpu = $kvm ? "kvm64" : "qemu64";
3124 if (my $cputype = $conf->{cpu}) {
3125 my $cpuconf = PVE::JSONSchema::parse_property_string($cpu_fmt, $cputype)
3126 or die "Cannot parse cpu description: $cputype\n";
3127 $cpu = $cpuconf->{cputype};
3128 $kvm_off = 1 if $cpuconf->{hidden};
3129 }
3130
3131 push @$cpuFlags , '+lahf_lm' if $cpu eq 'kvm64';
3132
3133 push @$cpuFlags , '-x2apic'
3134 if $conf->{ostype} && $conf->{ostype} eq 'solaris';
3135
3136 push @$cpuFlags, '+sep' if $cpu eq 'kvm64' || $cpu eq 'kvm32';
3137
3138 push @$cpuFlags, '-rdtscp' if $cpu =~ m/^Opteron/;
3139
3140 if (qemu_machine_feature_enabled ($machine_type, $kvmver, 2, 3)) {
3141
3142 push @$cpuFlags , '+kvm_pv_unhalt' if $kvm;
3143 push @$cpuFlags , '+kvm_pv_eoi' if $kvm;
3144 }
3145
3146 add_hyperv_enlightenments($cpuFlags, $winversion, $machine_type, $kvmver, $conf->{bios}, $gpu_passthrough) if $kvm;
3147
3148 push @$cpuFlags, 'enforce' if $cpu ne 'host' && $kvm;
3149
3150 push @$cpuFlags, 'kvm=off' if $kvm_off;
3151
3152 my $cpu_vendor = $cpu_vendor_list->{$cpu} ||
3153 die "internal error"; # should not happen
3154
3155 push @$cpuFlags, "vendor=${cpu_vendor}"
3156 if $cpu_vendor ne 'default';
3157
3158 $cpu .= "," . join(',', @$cpuFlags) if scalar(@$cpuFlags);
3159
3160 push @$cmd, '-cpu', $cpu;
3161
3162 PVE::QemuServer::Memory::config($conf, $vmid, $sockets, $cores, $defaults, $hotplug_features, $cmd);
3163
3164 push @$cmd, '-S' if $conf->{freeze};
3165
3166 # set keyboard layout
3167 my $kb = $conf->{keyboard} || $defaults->{keyboard};
3168 push @$cmd, '-k', $kb if $kb;
3169
3170 # enable sound
3171 #my $soundhw = $conf->{soundhw} || $defaults->{soundhw};
3172 #push @$cmd, '-soundhw', 'es1370';
3173 #push @$cmd, '-soundhw', $soundhw if $soundhw;
3174
3175 if($conf->{agent}) {
3176 my $qgasocket = qmp_socket($vmid, 1);
3177 my $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("qga0", $bridges);
3178 push @$devices, '-chardev', "socket,path=$qgasocket,server,nowait,id=qga0";
3179 push @$devices, '-device', "virtio-serial,id=qga0$pciaddr";
3180 push @$devices, '-device', 'virtserialport,chardev=qga0,name=org.qemu.guest_agent.0';
3181 }
3182
3183 my $spice_port;
3184
3185 if ($qxlnum) {
3186 if ($qxlnum > 1) {
3187 if ($winversion){
3188 for(my $i = 1; $i < $qxlnum; $i++){
3189 my $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("vga$i", $bridges);
3190 push @$cmd, '-device', "qxl,id=vga$i,ram_size=67108864,vram_size=33554432$pciaddr";
3191 }
3192 } else {
3193 # assume other OS works like Linux
3194 push @$cmd, '-global', 'qxl-vga.ram_size=134217728';
3195 push @$cmd, '-global', 'qxl-vga.vram_size=67108864';
3196 }
3197 }
3198
3199 my $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("spice", $bridges);
3200
3201 my $nodename = PVE::INotify::nodename();
3202 my $pfamily = PVE::Tools::get_host_address_family($nodename);
3203 my @nodeaddrs = PVE::Tools::getaddrinfo_all('localhost', family => $pfamily);
3204 die "failed to get an ip address of type $pfamily for 'localhost'\n" if !@nodeaddrs;
3205 my $localhost = PVE::Network::addr_to_ip($nodeaddrs[0]->{addr});
3206 $spice_port = PVE::Tools::next_spice_port($pfamily, $localhost);
3207
3208 push @$devices, '-spice', "tls-port=${spice_port},addr=$localhost,tls-ciphers=HIGH,seamless-migration=on";
3209
3210 push @$devices, '-device', "virtio-serial,id=spice$pciaddr";
3211 push @$devices, '-chardev', "spicevmc,id=vdagent,name=vdagent";
3212 push @$devices, '-device', "virtserialport,chardev=vdagent,name=com.redhat.spice.0";
3213 }
3214
3215 # enable balloon by default, unless explicitly disabled
3216 if (!defined($conf->{balloon}) || $conf->{balloon}) {
3217 $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("balloon0", $bridges);
3218 push @$devices, '-device', "virtio-balloon-pci,id=balloon0$pciaddr";
3219 }
3220
3221 if ($conf->{watchdog}) {
3222 my $wdopts = parse_watchdog($conf->{watchdog});
3223 $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("watchdog", $bridges);
3224 my $watchdog = $wdopts->{model} || 'i6300esb';
3225 push @$devices, '-device', "$watchdog$pciaddr";
3226 push @$devices, '-watchdog-action', $wdopts->{action} if $wdopts->{action};
3227 }
3228
3229 my $vollist = [];
3230 my $scsicontroller = {};
3231 my $ahcicontroller = {};
3232 my $scsihw = defined($conf->{scsihw}) ? $conf->{scsihw} : $defaults->{scsihw};
3233
3234 # Add iscsi initiator name if available
3235 if (my $initiator = get_initiator_name()) {
3236 push @$devices, '-iscsi', "initiator-name=$initiator";
3237 }
3238
3239 foreach_drive($conf, sub {
3240 my ($ds, $drive) = @_;
3241
3242 if (PVE::Storage::parse_volume_id($drive->{file}, 1)) {
3243 push @$vollist, $drive->{file};
3244 }
3245
3246 $use_virtio = 1 if $ds =~ m/^virtio/;
3247
3248 if (drive_is_cdrom ($drive)) {
3249 if ($bootindex_hash->{d}) {
3250 $drive->{bootindex} = $bootindex_hash->{d};
3251 $bootindex_hash->{d} += 1;
3252 }
3253 } else {
3254 if ($bootindex_hash->{c}) {
3255 $drive->{bootindex} = $bootindex_hash->{c} if $conf->{bootdisk} && ($conf->{bootdisk} eq $ds);
3256 $bootindex_hash->{c} += 1;
3257 }
3258 }
3259
3260 if($drive->{interface} eq 'virtio'){
3261 push @$cmd, '-object', "iothread,id=iothread-$ds" if $drive->{iothread};
3262 }
3263
3264 if ($drive->{interface} eq 'scsi') {
3265
3266 my ($maxdev, $controller, $controller_prefix) = scsihw_infos($conf, $drive);
3267
3268 $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("$controller_prefix$controller", $bridges);
3269 my $scsihw_type = $scsihw =~ m/^virtio-scsi-single/ ? "virtio-scsi-pci" : $scsihw;
3270
3271 my $iothread = '';
3272 if($conf->{scsihw} && $conf->{scsihw} eq "virtio-scsi-single" && $drive->{iothread}){
3273 $iothread .= ",iothread=iothread-$controller_prefix$controller";
3274 push @$cmd, '-object', "iothread,id=iothread-$controller_prefix$controller";
3275 } elsif ($drive->{iothread}) {
3276 warn "iothread is only valid with virtio disk or virtio-scsi-single controller, ignoring\n";
3277 }
3278
3279 my $queues = '';
3280 if($conf->{scsihw} && $conf->{scsihw} eq "virtio-scsi-single" && $drive->{queues}){
3281 $queues = ",num_queues=$drive->{queues}";
3282 }
3283
3284 push @$devices, '-device', "$scsihw_type,id=$controller_prefix$controller$pciaddr$iothread$queues" if !$scsicontroller->{$controller};
3285 $scsicontroller->{$controller}=1;
3286 }
3287
3288 if ($drive->{interface} eq 'sata') {
3289 my $controller = int($drive->{index} / $MAX_SATA_DISKS);
3290 $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("ahci$controller", $bridges);
3291 push @$devices, '-device', "ahci,id=ahci$controller,multifunction=on$pciaddr" if !$ahcicontroller->{$controller};
3292 $ahcicontroller->{$controller}=1;
3293 }
3294
3295 if ($drive->{interface} eq 'efidisk') {
3296 # this will be added somewhere else
3297 return;
3298 }
3299
3300 my $drive_cmd = print_drive_full($storecfg, $vmid, $drive);
3301 push @$devices, '-drive',$drive_cmd;
3302 push @$devices, '-device', print_drivedevice_full($storecfg, $conf, $vmid, $drive, $bridges);
3303 });
3304
3305 for (my $i = 0; $i < $MAX_NETS; $i++) {
3306 next if !$conf->{"net$i"};
3307 my $d = parse_net($conf->{"net$i"});
3308 next if !$d;
3309
3310 $use_virtio = 1 if $d->{model} eq 'virtio';
3311
3312 if ($bootindex_hash->{n}) {
3313 $d->{bootindex} = $bootindex_hash->{n};
3314 $bootindex_hash->{n} += 1;
3315 }
3316
3317 my $netdevfull = print_netdev_full($vmid,$conf,$d,"net$i");
3318 push @$devices, '-netdev', $netdevfull;
3319
3320 my $netdevicefull = print_netdevice_full($vmid, $conf, $d, "net$i", $bridges, $use_old_bios_files);
3321 push @$devices, '-device', $netdevicefull;
3322 }
3323
3324 if (!$q35) {
3325 # add pci bridges
3326 if (qemu_machine_feature_enabled ($machine_type, $kvmver, 2, 3)) {
3327 $bridges->{1} = 1;
3328 $bridges->{2} = 1;
3329 }
3330
3331 $bridges->{3} = 1 if $scsihw =~ m/^virtio-scsi-single/;
3332
3333 while (my ($k, $v) = each %$bridges) {
3334 $pciaddr = print_pci_addr("pci.$k");
3335 unshift @$devices, '-device', "pci-bridge,id=pci.$k,chassis_nr=$k$pciaddr" if $k > 0;
3336 }
3337 }
3338
3339 # add custom args
3340 if ($conf->{args}) {
3341 my $aa = PVE::Tools::split_args($conf->{args});
3342 push @$cmd, @$aa;
3343 }
3344
3345 push @$cmd, @$devices;
3346 push @$cmd, '-rtc', join(',', @$rtcFlags)
3347 if scalar(@$rtcFlags);
3348 push @$cmd, '-machine', join(',', @$machineFlags)
3349 if scalar(@$machineFlags);
3350 push @$cmd, '-global', join(',', @$globalFlags)
3351 if scalar(@$globalFlags);
3352
3353 return wantarray ? ($cmd, $vollist, $spice_port) : $cmd;
3354 }
3355
3356 sub vnc_socket {
3357 my ($vmid) = @_;
3358 return "${var_run_tmpdir}/$vmid.vnc";
3359 }
3360
3361 sub spice_port {
3362 my ($vmid) = @_;
3363
3364 my $res = vm_mon_cmd($vmid, 'query-spice');
3365